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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the experiences of Jewish women during the Holocaust and compares their predicaments with those of Jewish men. It highlights three topics: the initial responses of Jewish men and women to Nazi persecution, which reflected the traditional roles women played before World War II and therefore prioritized women's responsibilities as mothers, wives, and daughters; the Nazi policies and rules that treated men and women differently and created distinctive constraints and options for women; and the effect of specific problems in the ghettos and camps on women's coping strategies. The analysis gives special attention to the fraught topic of the incidence of rape of Jewish women during the Holocaust.

Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish women, Jewish men, Nazi persecution, gender roles, rape, ghettos, concentration camps

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