Abstract and Keywords
By the time Cicero wrote about his writer's block on geography to his friend Atticus in 59 BCE, Rome had conquered a substantial part of the oikoumene, the ‘inhabited world’. Rome's success in opening up new space for Roman rule had engendered, in educated circles, a lively interest in conceptualising space, in geo-graphein – an interest shared by recent research that supports this article's attempt to explore the relationship between space and geography, and the relevance of this relationship for Roman Studies. While geo-graphia provided the educated with (too) difficult theories about ‘all’ the world, demonstrating how much more there is to the globe than the oikoumene, the modes of perceiving and presenting space in the more widespread and familiar periplus and itinerarium formats enabled not only a military, but also a mental conquest of space. However, they did not allow for a geo-graphia. It was only in the early modern Age of Discovery that both modes of conceptualisation of space were seen as a unity, and it was Pomponius Mela's work which mattered for that.
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