Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

From the passing of Marcus Aurelius (d. 180 CE) to the reign of Justinian (527–565) and beyond, the Roman imperial state underwent changes that were as profound and full of interest as those which had transpired between the late Republic and the Antonine age. Just as the vicissitudes of the Roman conquest state occasioned Augustus's institution of the Principate, those of the Third-Century Crisis gave rise to the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine that entailed similarly weighty implications. The period saw the further entrenchment of imperial autocracy as the ruling principle of the political and social order, and the story of this further evolution of the Roman state continues to underpin most modern narratives of the Later Roman Empire. The ‘long fourth century’ from the reign of Diocletian (284–305) to that of Theodosius I (d. 395) represents a critically formative period in Roman history.

Keywords: Later Roman Empire, history, Marcus Aurelius, Justinian, Third-Century Crisis, reforms, Diocletian, Constantine, autocracy, Theodosius I

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.