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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Globalization is a highly contested concept, and its theoretical status and validity continue to be in doubt. To be useful for the historical analysis of nationalism, ‘globalization’ has to be broken down into a number of less ambitious concepts. The chapter argues that nationalism developed and operated within a tension between the modern territorial state and various forms of transnational mobility. In many cases, nationalism was the opposite and antagonist of internationalism and globalism. At the same time, nationalists rarely lost sight of the wider global arena within which they were acting. Nationalism responded to globalization in a wide variety of ways ranging from the assertion of economic sovereignty to attempts to shape and position national culture within various horizons of normative and aesthetic universalism.

Keywords: Empire, fragmentation, globalization, imperialism, integration, mobility, modernity, nation-state, universalism

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