Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reflects on the late- and post-socialist societies of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia/its successor states. It argues that nationalism was an intrinsic part of the communist project in all states, resulting in differing transformations towards market economy and democracy. In these countries, nationalism was successfully used for legitimizing power structures, in the face of the failures and dysfunctionalities of the system. In the transition following state socialism’s demise, the ephemeral and transitory social contexts were even more in need of a sense of belonging, and appeals to the national proved apt to fill the existing voids.

Keywords: Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia, state socialism, nationalism, Yugoslav wars of the 1990s, transformation

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.