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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter covers the variegated trajectories of post-independence nationalism in Southeast Asia. In contrast with conventional accounts stressing the management of ethnic diversity, the chapter argues that the greatest challenges and conflicts confronting the new nation-states of the region stemmed from the pressures of post-colonial reintegration into the world capitalist economy and the Cold War-era geopolitical order. Through a set of paired comparisons—Thailand and the Philippines, Burma and Indonesia, and Malaysia and the three states of Indochina—the chapter shows how diverging Southeast Asian responses to these challenges and conflicts have combined with the legacies of colonial-era state formation to shape the varying paths of nationalism in the region since independence.

Keywords: Southeast Asia, nationalism, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam

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