- The Oxford Handbook of Participation in Organizations
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- About the Contributors
- Conceptualizing Employee Participation in Organizations
- An HRM Perspective on Employee Participation
- An Industrial Relations Perspective on Employee Participation
- A Legal Perspective on Employee Participation
- Labour Process and Marxist Perspectives on Employee Participation
- An Economic Perspective on Employee Participation
- Direct Employee Participation
- Collective Bargaining as a Form of Employee Participation: : Observations on the United States and Europe
- Employer Strategies Towards Non‐Union Collective Voice
- Worker Directors and Worker Ownership/Cooperatives
- Employee Participation Through Non‐Union Forms of Employee Representation
- Works Councils:: The European Model of Industrial Democracy?
- Employee Share Ownership
- Financial Participation
- Labour Union Responses to Participation in Employing Organizations
- Voice in the Wilderness? The Shift From Union to Non‐Union Voice in Britain
- High Involvement Management and Performance
- Employee Voice and Mutual Gains
- Participation Across Organizational Boundaries
- Public Policy and Employee Participation
- Corporate Governance and Employee Participation
- Cross‐National Variation in Representation Rights and Governance at Work
- Employee Participation in Developing and Emerging Countries
- International and Comparative Perspectives on Employee Participation
- Freedom, Democracy, and Capitalism:: Ethics and Employee Participation
Abstract and Keywords
The purpose of this article is to examine the differing rationales for collective bargaining in the United States and Europe, and how these rationales affect the nature of participation through collective bargaining. The article shows how the basis for collective bargaining in the United States has been the removal of impediments to economic efficiency caused by disputes over union recognition, while in Europe it has generally been industrial pluralism and worker rights. In the United States, given the economic rationale for collective bargaining, in situations in which collective bargaining is perceived as impairing economic efficiency the scope of participation through collective bargaining is narrowed. On the contrary, the pluralistic and worker rights rationale for collective bargaining in Europe has resulted in deep collective worker participation at all levels on a range of matters ranging from national policy to work scheduling.
Richard N. Block, Professor of Labour and Industrial Relations, Michigan State University.
Peter Berg is an associate professor at the School of Labor and Industrial Relations at Michigan State University. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Notre Dame. His research interests include organizational change in the United States and Germany, high-performance work systems, work–life policies and practices in the United States and Europe, and comparative employment relations. Dr Berg is co-author of the book Manufacturing Advantage: Why High Performance Work Systems Pay-off (with Eileen Appelbaum, Thomas Bailey, and Arne Kalleberg, 2000) and editor of Creating Competitive Capacity: Labor Market Institutions and Workplace Practices in Germany and the United States (2000). email: email@example.com
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