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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The question has often been raised about the relative importance of the Genizah vis-à-vis the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Dead Sea Scrolls have undoubtedly attracted wider attention because they are so closely linked in location and chronology with the world of Jesus and the emergence of early Christianity. The Genizxah texts, on the other hand, cover a wider variety of literary genres and historical events and represent a unique source of illumination for the early medieval period. This article delineates the similarities and differences of the two collections with regard to such obvious literary themes as the Hebrew Bible and its interpretation, Hebrew grammar and Masorah, Jewish religious law, and the composition and use of liturgy. It also considers disposal; survival; palaeography and codicology; contents and dating; languages and function; discovery, accessibility, and location; and description and exploitation.

Keywords: early Christianity, Genizah, Dead Sea Scrolls, Hebrew Bible, Jewish religious law, liturgy, palaeography, codicology, Masorah

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