Abstract and Keywords
In the centuries immediately preceding the twentieth two main attitudes to the study of case, simplifying somewhat, can be differentiated. On the one hand, there was reasserted, particularly in the nineteenth century, a view of case as a purely morphological phenomenon (reverting to prevalent conceptions in the ancient world). The subtypes of case inflections came to be characterised by the functions they signalled, with a major division being made between ‘syntactic cases’ and ‘local’. This article deals with case in localist case grammar and discusses syntactic derivationality, which is superfluous in a framework that has available to it the expressibility made accessible by an implementation, along with dependency structures that permit restricted argument-sharing, of the traditional insights concerning ‘case’. Hence, semantic relations are basic to both the lexicon and the syntax, and morphology is only one expression-variant for ‘case’ or semantic relations.
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