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date: 12 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article looks at the origins, force and scope of millenarianism, sometimes referred to as millennialism or messianism, and offers some idea of how widespread the belief has become. The conclusion speculates about the reasons for its vitality, appeal, and persistence. Often associated exclusively with Christianity, the belief in paradise on earth has a long history and is found in many religious traditions, including Zoroastrianism, Islam, and forms of Hinduism and Buddhism. While the origins of millenarian belief pre-date Christianity, the Christian tradition very soon after its beginnings in the 1st century CE became and has remained the main vehicle for its dissemination worldwide.

Keywords: millenarianism, messianism, Christianity, paradise, Zoroastrianism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism

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