- Social Control through Law: Critical Afterlives
- Anthropology, Law, and Empire: Foundations in Context
- South African Legal Culture and its Dis/Empowerment Paradox
- The Ethnographic Gaze on State Law in India
- The Anthropology of Indigenous Australia and Native Title Claims
- Encountering Indigenous Law in Canada
- Islam, Law, and the State
- Law and Anthropology in the Netherlands: From <i>Adat</i> Law School to Anthropology of Law
- Law as an Enduring Concept: Space, Time, and Power
- Legalism: Rules, Categories, and Texts
- Property Regimes
- Rights and Social Inclusion
- Human Rights Activism, Sexuality, and Gender
- Cultural Rights and Cultural Heritage as a Global Concern
- Justice After Atrocity
- Constitution Making
- The Normative Complexity of Private Security: Beyond Legal Regulation and Stigmatization
- Humanitarian Interventions
- Inequality, Victimhood, and Redress
- Anti-Discrimination Rules and Religious Minorities in the Workplace
- Transnational Agrarian Movements, Food Sovereignty, and Legal Mobilization
- <b>The Juridification of Politics</b>
- The Persistence of Chinese Rights Defenders
- The Problem of Compliance and the Turn to Quantification
- Law, Science, and Technologies
- Norm Creation beyond the State
- Critique of Punitive Reason
- Global Legal Institutions
- Legal Pluralism in Postcolonial, Postnational, and Postdemocratic Times
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the normative complexity of private security. It formulates a critique of the stigmatization of private security companies and of the emphasis in the literature on the limitations of legal regulation, highlighting the role of self-regulation in the form of corporate ethics and (international) branch standards. Based on a review of scholarly literature, (inter)national cases, and examples from fieldwork in South Africa, the chapter captures the growing plurality of actors and voices in a vastly diversifying private security sector. In order to overcome the traditional bias regarding private security and its corporate sector, the authors advocate an organizational anthropological approach to uncover regulatory alternatives and the ethical and normative diversity that is essential to a comprehensive understanding of the privatization of security.
Math Noortmann is Professor in Transnational Law and Non-State Actors at the Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations (CTPSR), Coventry University (UK). He has taught and researched at universities in the Netherlands, Singapore, Germany, and the UK. He holds a Ph.D.. In International Law and an M.Sc. In Political Science, combining the two disciplines in his transdisciplinary pursuit of knowledge and understanding of law and politics. He queries the links between security and order on the one hand, and justice and human dignity on the other. More specifically, he investigates the roles of non-state actors in transnational security governance. His research focuses on transnational organized (maritime) crime and the private security sector. He receives research funding from ESRC/AHRC (PaCCS), Newton (Institutional Links), and ESRC (CREST). Since July 2018, Math Noortmann has combined his professorship at CTPSR with the role of Executive Director of the Academic Council for the United Nations System (ACUNS).
Juliette Koning is Professor of Organizational Studies in the Business School at Oxford Brookes University (UK). She holds a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. After a career in social anthropology, she turned her academic interest to organization studies. Through an interpretive and creative approach, Koning’s research explores the complexities and dynamics of ‘how things work’ and the relationship between organizations and the external environment. Her recent research focuses on security: maritime security in Indonesia (PaCCS/ESRC-AHRC project), security threats and scenario planning in the UK/Netherlands (CREST/ESRC project), and private security organizations in South Africa and the UK (Research Excellence Award, Oxford Brookes University). Koning also has a longstanding research focus on leadership and management of ethnic Chinese small business organizations (Southeast Asia). She has recently been appointed Director of the Research Centre for Business, Society and Global Challenges at Oxford Brookes Business School.
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