Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses intermediary liability for trade mark infringement from an international perspective. Given that the lack of uniform international guidelines has made tackling counterfeits in a borderless digital environment even more challenging, this chapter shows that there are emerging intermediary liability common approaches at the international level for online trade mark infringement. The chapter outlines three common tenets that can be distilled into a transnational principle of intermediary liability, including knowledge-and-takedown obligations and availability of blocking injunctions. Further, this chapter discusses how this emerging common international principle is then coupled by a ius gentium of voluntary measures that results from voluntary cooperation between online intermediaries and rightholders to curb infringement. However, it is important to strike a fair balance with other fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression, information and lawful competition.
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