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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reflects on some of the implications of globalization for identity regulation, with specific reference to the multinational enterprise (MNE). The chapter first elaborates on the MNE as an organization and shows how globalization in this corporate context results in identity regulation being stretched across nations and, in turn, mediated by country-specific discourses and institutions. The chapter then situates such processes in the wider political-economic context of (neo)colonialism. It shows how MNEs have been, until recently, mostly headquartered in the ‘West’ and how a growing proportion of their work is performed in countries that were once under colonial rule and which remain, to varying degrees, subject to (neo)colonial influences. In this context, identity regulation becomes enmeshed with not only national discourses/institutions but also (neo)colonial power relations. The chapter concludes with a call to integrate globalization—and by implication (multi)nationalism and (neo)colonialism—into the research agenda of identities-focused organization studies and suggests some avenues for future research.

Keywords: identity regulation, globalization, multinationals, power, imperialism, colonialism, inequality

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