- Copyright Page
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Banking: A Decade on from the Global Financial Crisis
- The Roles of Banks in Financial Systems
- Commercial Banking and Shadow Banking: The Accelerating Integration of Banks and Markets and its Implications for Regulation
- Corporate Complexity and Systemic Risk: A Progress Report
- Corporate Governance and Culture in Banking
- Private Information and Risk Management in Banking
- Creation and Regulation of Bank Liquidity
- The Performance of Financial Institutions Modeling, Evidence, and some Policy Implications
- Technological Change and Financial Innovation in Banking: Some Implications for FinTech
- Community Banking Institutions: Commercial Banks, Savings Banks,Cooperative Banks, and Credit Unions
- Islamic banking: A Review of the Empirical Literature and Future Research Directions
- Can We Improve the Impact of Microfinance?: A Survey of the Recent Literature and Potential Avenues for Success
- Small Business Lending: The Roles of Technology and Regulationfrom Pre-crisis to Crisis to Recovery
- Residential Mortgages
- Shadow Banking
- Modern Central Banking
- Lender of Last Resort: A New Role for the Old Instrument
- Bank Bailouts and Bail-Ins
- Bank Runs and Moral Hazard: A Review of Deposit Insurance
- Bank Capital Requirements after the Financial Crisis
- Market Discipline in Regulation: Pre and Post Crisis
- Competition in the Banking Sector
- Behavioral Economics, Financial Literacy, and Consumers’ Financial Decisions
- Systemic Risk in Banking after the Great Financial Crisis
- Hardy Perennials: Banking Crises Around the World
- Bank Failures, The Great Depression, and Other “Contagious” Events
- Banking Globalization: Cross-border Entry, Complexity,and Systemic Risk
- Banking and Real Economic Activity: Foregone Conclusions and Open Challenges
- Banking in the United States
- Banking in Europe: Integration, Reform, and the Road to a Banking Union
- Banking in Japan: A Post-global Financial Crisis Perspective
- Banking in Africa
- Banking in China
- Banking in the Transition Countries of Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
- Banking in Latin America: Developments and Prospects
- Banking in Australia and New Zealand—Geographic Proximity, Market Concentration, and Banking Integration
Abstract and Keywords
The Chinese financial sector has grown at an impressive pace over the last decade, and its banking sector is now the largest in the world. China has also experienced a credit boom, which makes the need to better understand how the Chinese financial sector functions even more important. In this chapter, we first describe the structure and performance of the financial sector in China, focusing largely on banks. Next, we discuss how regulators’ efforts to slow the growth of bank intermediation have been accompanied by rapid growth in shadow-banking products, as banks try to circumvent limits on their ability to grow. Finally, we document China’s progress in expanding consumer access to formal financial services and track the recent expansion of FinTech, especially digital payment products.
Leora Klapper is a Lead Economist in the Finance and Private Sector Research Team of the Development Research Group at the World Bank. Her publications focus on corporate and household finance, banking, entrepreneurship, and risk management. Her current research studies the impact of digital financial services, especially for women. She is a founder of the Global Findex database, which measures how adults around the world save, borrow, make payments, and manage risk. Previously, she worked at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and Salomon Smith Barney. She holds a Ph.D in Financial Economics from New York University Stern School of Business.
María Soledad Martínez Pería is Chief of the Macro-Financial Division in the IMF Research Department. She manages a team of economists responsible for conducting research and policy work on macroeconomic and financial issues critical to fund surveillance activities, with a focus on macro-financial linkages, financial flows, and financial systems. Her published research addresses questions related to financial crises, market discipline, foreign bank participation, bank competition, bank regulation, SME financing, financial inclusion, and remittances. Prior to joining the IMF, she worked at the World Bank, the Brookings Institution, the Central Bank of Argentina, and the Federal Reserve Board. She holds a Ph.D in economics from the University of California, Berkeley and a B.A. from Stanford University.
Bilal Zia is a Senior Economist in the Finance and Private Sector Development Team of the Development Research Group at the World Bank in Washington, DC. His research focuses on financial development at the household, firm, and bank levels, and has appeared in top academic journals such as the Journal of Finance, Journal of Financial Economics, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, Management Science, and Journal of Development Economics. He uses both experimental and non-experimental methods and some of his recent work includes rigorous impact evaluations of financial and business education programs, testing innovative methods to improve financial access for households and firms, alternative credit scoring and digital financial engagement, and applying insights from behavioral economics to development finance.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.