- Copyright Page
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Banking: A Decade on from the Global Financial Crisis
- The Roles of Banks in Financial Systems
- Commercial Banking and Shadow Banking: The Accelerating Integration of Banks and Markets and its Implications for Regulation
- Corporate Complexity and Systemic Risk: A Progress Report
- Corporate Governance and Culture in Banking
- Private Information and Risk Management in Banking
- Creation and Regulation of Bank Liquidity
- The Performance of Financial Institutions Modeling, Evidence, and some Policy Implications
- Technological Change and Financial Innovation in Banking: Some Implications for FinTech
- Community Banking Institutions: Commercial Banks, Savings Banks,Cooperative Banks, and Credit Unions
- Islamic banking: A Review of the Empirical Literature and Future Research Directions
- Can We Improve the Impact of Microfinance?: A Survey of the Recent Literature and Potential Avenues for Success
- Small Business Lending: The Roles of Technology and Regulationfrom Pre-crisis to Crisis to Recovery
- Residential Mortgages
- Shadow Banking
- Modern Central Banking
- Lender of Last Resort: A New Role for the Old Instrument
- Bank Bailouts and Bail-Ins
- Bank Runs and Moral Hazard: A Review of Deposit Insurance
- Bank Capital Requirements after the Financial Crisis
- Market Discipline in Regulation: Pre and Post Crisis
- Competition in the Banking Sector
- Behavioral Economics, Financial Literacy, and Consumers’ Financial Decisions
- Systemic Risk in Banking after the Great Financial Crisis
- Hardy Perennials: Banking Crises Around the World
- Bank Failures, The Great Depression, and Other “Contagious” Events
- Banking Globalization: Cross-border Entry, Complexity,and Systemic Risk
- Banking and Real Economic Activity: Foregone Conclusions and Open Challenges
- Banking in the United States
- Banking in Europe: Integration, Reform, and the Road to a Banking Union
- Banking in Japan: A Post-global Financial Crisis Perspective
- Banking in Africa
- Banking in China
- Banking in the Transition Countries of Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
- Banking in Latin America: Developments and Prospects
- Banking in Australia and New Zealand—Geographic Proximity, Market Concentration, and Banking Integration
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the evolution of the banking industry in the European Union since the signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 to the present day. We provide an overview of developments in the regulation, financial integration, and the structure and performance of the European banking industry. A brief discussion of the global financial crises and their resultant impact on European banks together with coverage of the later Eurozone sovereign debt crisis is also presented, along with structural reforms, and the ongoing progress in creating a fully integrated banking and financial services industry throughout the Eurozone. A major challenge for the industry relates to restoring profitability back to pre-crises levels. At present, many banks remain encumbered by regulatory demands that, while helping their solvency, act as a drag on performance. Given the regulatory and economic environment under which European banks currently operate, their performance will be subdued for some time to come.
John Goddard is the Head of Aberystwyth Business School at Aberystwyth University, Wales. He is also Emeritus Professor of Financial Economics at Bangor University, and served as Deputy Head of Bangor Business School between 2007 and 2017. His previous academic appointments were at the University of Leeds, Abertay University and Swansea University. He has several years’ practitioner experience in the UK life insurance industry. His research interests are in industrial organization, financial markets and institutions, and the economics of professional sports. He is author or co-author of sixty-nine refereed journal articles. His co-authored book publications include The Economics of Football (2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2011), Banking: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2016) and the textbook Industrial Organization: Competition, Strategy, Policy (5th edition, Pearson, 2017).
Philip Molyneux is Dean of the College of Business Administration at the University of Sharjah (in the UAE). His main area of research is on the structure and efficiency of banking markets and he has published widely in this area. Recent publications appear in the Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Journal of Financial Intermediation, Journal of Banking & Finance and the Review of Finance. He has co-written/edited over thirty-five books and is also the series editor of the Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Banking and Financial Institutions—with over 135 books in the series to date. In the past, Philip has acted as a consultant to the New York Federal Reserve Bank, World Bank, European Commission, UK Treasury, Citibank Private Bank, Barclays Wealth, McKinsey, Credit Suisse and various other international banks and consulting firms.
John O. S. Wilson is Professor of Banking and Finance and Director of the Centre for Responsible Banking & Finance based at the University of St Andrews. He is also a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Chartered Association of Business Schools Academic Journal Guide. Previously, he was Treasurer and General Secretary of the British Accounting and Finance Association during the period 2009–11, and the founding Chair of the British Accounting and Finance Association Financial Markets and Institutions Special Interest Group over the period 2007–18. He has guest edited special issues for Journal of Corporate Finance, Journal of Banking & Finance, Journal of Economic Behaviour & Organization, European Journal of Finance, Public Money & Management, British Accounting Review and Managerial Finance. In the period June 2011 to April 2012, John served as a full member of a Commission on Credit Unions established by the Irish Government. The Commission delivered interim and final reports to the Minister for Finance in September 2011 and April 2012 respectively. In 2018, John delivered evidence on the impact of Brexit on UK small and medium-sized enterprises to the House of Lords EU Internal Markets Committee.
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