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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

A lot has happened in the ten years since the global financial crisis. This chapter starts with a summary of key regulatory and operational issues that have impacted banks in Europe, the US and elsewhere. Banks are much more heavily regulated than pre-crisis, their performance in the US and Europe has been subdued although there are signs that those in the former have turned the corner. There continues also to be ongoing discussion as well as regulatory efforts to improve banking system stability with new rules on capital, liquidity, bailouts, and bail-ins to be fully completed. These issues are covered in the first part of the chapter. We then move on to discuss emerging research themes covering areas including: banks and their impact on the real economy; capital, liquidity, and tax regulation; systemic risk; unconventional monetary policy; FinTech; bank governance and culture; financial consumer protection and financial literacy; and finally financial inclusion. The final part of the chapter provides summaries of all the chapters in the Handbook.

Keywords: banking, capital, financial crisis, financial stability, FinTech, liquidity, real economy, regulation, theory of banking

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