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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Higher education (HE) is caught up in a fourth industrial revolution driven by globalization and new forms of information technology. As with each of the earlier deep shifts, powerful influences come together in new patterns. Effects include more international influences, expansion in demand, new ways of teaching, more stressful cost pressures, and surrounding industries reliant increasingly on knowledge. Challenges are two: to meet the needs of these new industrial systems; and to contribute to the continued stability of their societies. Theorizing on how to manage in such a fast-changing scene is under-developed. A review of the core purposes of HE in society suggests a central role of fostering societal capacities for both innovativeness and cooperativeness. This contribution is argued to be better served when the principle of academic freedom is protected and enhanced, so that universities can avoid being hollowed out and left to do market-driven training. HE can then act as a catalyst for stable and progressive change.

Keywords: globalization, innovativeness, cooperativeness, hollowing, organizational change, societal progress

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