Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the events emanating from Mwai Kibaki’s first presidential term and the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) government’s dissolution after failed constitutional revision in 2005. This period includes the rise of a new political opposition, which, organized around Raila Odinga and the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), contested against Kibaki’s Party of National Unity (PNU) in the 2007 election. The dynamics and aftermath of that election are examined, including allegations by ODM of PNU rigging and the resulting post-election violence. This crisis led to a stalemate between ODM and PNU, which was only resolved after international mediation and the formation of a Government of National Unity. The unity government achieved progress on a variety of reforms, including a new constitution in 2010. However, this period was also marked by stalled progress on other fronts, and by political dynamics that Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto would leverage in their race for executive office in 2013.

Keywords: constitution, elections, NARC, Mwai Kibaki, ODM, Raila Odinga, post-election violence, National Accord, Uhuru Kenyatta, William Ruto

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.