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date: 05 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the first seven years of Kenya’s war in southern Somalia. The campaign will be examined in four parts through a chronological survey, looking first at the politics of the decision to invade, and then at the character of the military occupation, leading to a discussion of the Kenya Defence Force’s (KDF) exploitation of the economic opportunities presented to them in Kismayo. The fourth section describes the attrition the KDF has suffered since 2015, as it faces difficulties in holding territory against al-Shabaab attack. Finally, the conclusion considers the costs of the war, and the changing role of the military in public affairs.

Keywords: Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahidiin, Somalia, Kenya Defence Forces, AMISOM, violence, terrorism

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