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date: 05 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents a general survey of the economic and political aspects of foreign aid to Kenya between the country’s Independence in 1963 and 2015. It divides that experience into three distinct political phases: one between Independence and 1980 that was characterized by declining aid dependence, rapid growth, and rising political intolerance, some of it related to aid-financed projects; the second phase (1980–1990s) was marked by increased aid, failed reforms, economic regression, and resistance to increasing political authoritarianism; while in the third era (2003–2015), foreign development assistance from more diverse sources rose phenomenally in a freer but politically conflicted environment. The chapter also identifies serious misunderstandings regarding the nature and role of foreign aid across this diverse period.

Keywords: official development assistance, international donors, aid policy, governance, aid effectiveness, economic growth, economic policy

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