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date: 30 November 2020

(p. xxi) List of Acronyms

(p. xxi) List of Acronyms

5DE

Five Dimension Endowment

AAAE

African Association of Agricultural Economists

AACCSA

Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Association

ACC

Agriculture Commercialization Cluster

ACCORD

African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes

ACET

African Center for Economic Transformation

ACIAR

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research

ADF

African Development Forum

ADLI

Agricultural Development-Led Industrialization

AERC

African Economic Research Consortium

AfCFTA

African Continental Free Trade Area

AFD

Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency)

AfDB

Africa Development Bank

AFP BP

African Program Briefing Paper

AFTES

Africa Technical Department, Environmentally Sustainable

AGOA

African Growth and Opportunity Act

AGP

Agricultural Growth Program

AgSS

Agricultural Sample Survey

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AKLDP

Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy Project

AMD

Agribusiness Marketing and Development Project

AMISOM

African Union Mission in Somalia

ANDM

Amhara National Democratic Movement

ANH-FEWG

Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Academy Food Environment Working Group

ASF

animal-sourced food

ATA

Agricultural Transformation Agency

AU

African Union

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation

BIS

Bank for International Settlement

BITs

Bilateral Investment Treaties

BMC

BioMed Center

BMI

Body Mass Index

BoP

Bern open Publishing

BPR

business process re-engineering

Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme

CAD

computer-aided design

CAE

Centre of African Economies

CAF

Charities Aid Foundation

CAFTA

Central America Free Trade Agreement

CAGR

Compound Annual Growth Rate

CALASIATIC

California Asiatic Oil Company

CBB

Construction and Business Bank

CBE

Commercial Bank of Ethiopia

CCI

Council of Constitutional Inquiry

CDE

Centre for Development and Environment

CDP

Committee for Development Policy

CDR

Center for Development Research

CFSVA

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis

CGE

Computable General Equilibrium

CITI

Clothing Industry Training Institute

CMC

Coffee Marketing Corporation

CMO

Commodities

CMT

cut-make-trim

CODESERIA

Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa

COGD

Cost of Government Day

COI

Country of Origin Information

COMESA

Common Market for East and Southern Africa

COMPETE

Competitiveness Employing Information Communication Technologies

CPC

Civil Procedure Code

CPI

Consumer Price Index

CPRC

Chronic Poverty Research Centre

CRGE

Climate Resilient Green Economy

CSA

Central Statistical Agency

CTA

Commodity Trade

CTDMA

Coffee and Tea Development and Marketing Agency

CUD

Coalition for Unity and Democracy

DBE

Development Bank of Ethiopia

DD

Dire Dewa

Derg

Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police, and Territorial Army

DESA

Department of Economic and Social Affairs

DfID

Department for International Development

DHS

Demographic Health Survey

DIIS-GOVESA

Danish Institute of International Studies

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

debt sustainability analysis

EA

enumeration area

EAL

Ethiopian Airlines

EBA

Everything But Arms

ECR-3G2P

Ethiopian Resilient Cities, Green Growth and Governance Programs and Packages

ECCSA

Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Association

ECEA

Ethiopian Commodity Exchange Authority

ECSU

Elizabeth City State University

ECX

Ethiopian Commodity Exchange

EDHS

Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey

EDRI

Ethiopian Development Research Institute

EDRI–ESSP

Ethiopian Development Research Institute–Ethiopia Strategy Support Program

EEA

European Economic Area

EEPCo

Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation

EES

Ethiopian Electric Service

EEU

Ethiopian Electric Utility

EFFORT

Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray

EGRA

Early Grade Reading Assessment

EGS

Employment Generation Schemes

EGTE

Ethiopian Grain Trade Enterprise

EHDA

Ethiopian Horticulture Development Agency

EHPEA

Ethiopian Horticulture Producers and Exporters Association

EHRS

Electronic Health Records System

EIAR

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research

EIC

Ethiopian Investment Commission

EIP

Eastern Industrial Park

EKI

Ethiopian Kaizen Institute

ELI

export-led industrialization

ELIA

Ethiopian Leather Industry Association

EPCC

Ethiopian Panel on Climate Change

EPLF

Eritrean People’s Liberation Front

EPPCF

Ethiopian Public Private Consultative Forum

EPRDF

Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPZs

Export Process Zones

ERA

Ethiopian Roads Authority

ERC

Ethiopian Railways Corporation

ERCA

Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority

ERRP

Emergency Recovery and Reconstruction Program

ERSS

Ethiopia Rural Socio-economic Survey

ESDP I

Education Sector Development Program I

Education Sector Development Program II

ESDP III

Education Sector Development Program III

ESDP IV

Education Sector Development Program IV

ESDPs

Education Sector Development Programs

ESID

Effective States and Inclusive Development

ESLSE

Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Service Enterprise

ESSP

Ethiopia Strategy Support Program

ESSP/IFPRI

Ethiopia Strategy Support Program/International Food Policy Research Institute

ESSP-II

Ethiopia Strategy Support Program-II

ET

Ethiopian

ETB

Ethiopian Birr

ETDZ

Economic and Technological Development Zones

ETGA

Ethiopia Garment

ETP

Education and Training Policy

EU

European Union

EUTF REF

European Trust Fund, The Research and Evidence Facility

EXPY

export-to-output Ratio

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

FDRE

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

FET

Fair and Equitable Treatment

FGT

Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke

FHC

Federal High Court

FMoH

Federal Minister of Health

FOB

free on board

FPTP

first past the post

FSS

Forum for Social Studies

FSU

Former Soviet Union

FTAs

Free Trade Areas

FTEPR

Fair Trade, Employment, and Poverty Reduction

FY

fiscal year

GAMS

General Algebraic Modelling System

GCI

Global Competitiveness Index

GDP

gross domestic product

GEQUIP

General Education Quality Improvement Program III

GER

gross enrolment rate

GERD

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

GFCF

gross fixed capital formation

GFDRE

Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

GGDC

Groningen Growth and Development Center

GGGI

Global Green Growth Institute

GHG

greenhouse gas

growth incidence curve

GIFF

Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework

GIGA

German Institute of Global and Area Studies

GIZ

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit

GMM

generalized method of moments

GMPI

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

GNI

gross national income

GOE

Government of Ethiopia

GPA

grade point average

GPC

Quality Productivity and Competitiveness

GR

gratuitous relief

GRIPS

Graduate Institute for Policy Studies

GTP-I

Growth and Transformation Plan I

GTP-II

Growth and Transformation Plan II

GVA

gross value added

GVCs

global value chains

HABP

Household Asset Building Programme

HAZ

height-for-age Z-scores

HCEE

household consumption and expenditure

HEA

household economy analysis

HEP

Health Extension Programme

HH

household

HICEs

Household Income and Consumption Expenditure Surveys

HIID

Harvard Institute of International Development

HIPC

heavily indebted poor countries

HOF

House of the Federation

HPG

Humanitarian Policy Group

HPR

House of Peoples Representatives

HTSP

Health Sector Transformation Plan

IBTE

Imperial Board of Telecommunications of Ethiopia

ICF

International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health

ICO

International Coffee Organization

ICO/CFC

International Coffee Organization/Common Fund for Commodities

ICSID

International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes

ICT

information communication technology

IDA

International Development Association

IDE-JETRO

Institute of Developing Economies-Japan External Trade Organisation

IDR

Institute of Development Research

IDS

Industrial Development Strategy

IDSE

Industrial Development Strategy of Ethiopia

IEA

International Energy Agency

IES

Industry Extension Service

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

International Food Policy Research Institute

IGAD

Intergovernmental Authority on Development

IGC

International Growth Centre

IGE

Institute for Global Ethics

IHA

Imperial Highways Authority

IHSN

International Household Survey Network

IIED

International Institute for Environment and Development

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMF/WB

International Monetary Fund/World Bank

IMMANA

Innovation Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions

IMR

infant mortality rate

INDC

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

INSE

Inspired Energy

INDSTAT

Industrial Statistics

INV

investment rate

IP

Identity Preserved

IPs

industrial parks

IPDC

Industrial Park Development Corporation

IPE

interprofessional education

IPR

import penetration rate

ISDS

Investor-State Dispute Settlement

ISEN

Institute for the Study of Ethiopian Nationalities

ISI

import-substitution industrialization

ITC

International Trade Center

JARC

Jimma Agricultural Research Centre

JBIC

Japan Bank for International Cooperation

JETRO

Japan External Trade Organization

JICA

Japan International Cooperation Agency

KDB

Korea Development Bank

KDI

Korea Development Institute

KIP

Kunshan Industrial Park

KKR

Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co.

KMT

Kuomingtang

KSP

Knowledge Sharing Program

LDCs

Least Developed Countries

LEWIE

Local Economy-Wide Impact Evaluation

LFS

Labour Force Survey

LIDI

Leather Industry Development Institute

LIAMCO

Libya American Oil Co

LMSM

large- and medium-scale manufacturing

LOWES

locally weighted scatterplot smoothing

LSE

London School of Economics

(p. xxvii) LSMS-ISA

Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture

M2 GDP

money supply gross domestic product

MBS

marginal budget share

MCB

Ministry of Capacity Building

MCSER

Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MDDI

Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute

MEFCC

Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change

MERIT

Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology

METEC

Metals and Engineering Corporation

METI

Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry

MFN

Most Favoured Nation

MIDI

Metals Industry Development Institute

MIDROC

Mohammed International Development Research and Organization Companies

MIGA

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

MITI

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

MLRA

Ministry of Land Reform and Administration

MLSM

medium and large-scale manufacturing

MMR

maternal mortality rate

MoE

Ministry of Education

MoFA

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

MOFCOM

Ministry of Commerce of People’s Republic of China

MoFEC

Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation

MoFED

Ministry of Finance and Economic Development

MoI

Ministry of Industry

MoLSA

Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs

MoPED

Ministry of Planning and Economic Development

MoST

Mobile Security Technologies

MoT

Ministry of Transport

MoT

Ministry of Trade

MoU

Memorandum of Understanding

MoWIE

Ministry of Water, Irrigation, and Electricity, Ethiopia

MPDC

Metal Products Development Center

MPI

Multidimensional Poverty Index

MSE

micro and small enterprises

MSIP

Multi-Sector Investment Plan

MTD

Mettler Toledo

MTT

Maria Theresa Thaler

MUDH

Ministry of Urban Development and Housing

MUDHCo

Ministry of Urban Development, Housing and Construction

National Action Plan for Gender Equality

NBDC

Nile Basin Development Challenge

NBE

National Bank of Ethiopia

NBER

National Bureau of Economic Research

NCD

non-communicable disease

NCE

National Export Committee

NCOT

net commercial off-take

NECC

National Export Coordinating Council

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa’s Development

NER

net enrolment rate

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIR

net intake rate

NLA

National Learning Assessments

NLFS

National Labour Force Survey Program

NNP

National Nutrition Programme

NNP II

National Nutrition Programme II

NN&P

Nations, Nationalities and Peoples

NPC

National Planning Commission

NPL

non-performing loan

NPO

non-profit organization

NSE

New Structural Economics

NSOs

National Statistical Organizations

NT

National Treatment

NTBs

non-tariff barriers

OBM

original brand manufacturing

ODI

Overseas Development Institute

ODM

original design manufacturer

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

ÖFSE

Austrian Foundation for Development Research

OFSP

Other Food Security Programme

OLF

Oromo Liberation Front

OPDO

Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organization

OPHC

Office of the Population and Housing Census

OPHI

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative

OSS

Operational Support Services

OSSREA

Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa

PA

Peasant Association

PADEP

Peasant Agricultural Development Extension Project

PASDEP

Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty

PASDEP II

Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty II

PCA

principal components analysis

PCP

Programme for Country Partnership

People’s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

PEA

private employment agencies

PFFSPA

Policy Framework for Food Security in Pastoral Areas

PFP

Policy Framework Paper

PIDC

Program-for-Results Information Document Concept Stage

PMO

Prime Minister’s Office

POSCO

Pohang Iron and Steel Company

PPG

public and publicly guaranteed

PPP

purchasing power parity

PPS

proportional to size

PR

public relations

PRSP

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

PSD

private sector development

PSL

parallel strand lumber

PSNP

Productive Safety Net Program

PSRC

Policy Study Research Centre

PW

public water

PWT

Penn World Tables

QEH

Queen Elizabeth House

QGRL

Quantum Global Research Lab

QPC

Quality, Productivity, and Competitiveness

R&D

research and development

RAI

Relative Autonomy Index

RCMs

Reciprocal Control Mechanisms

REDD+

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

REST

Relief Society of Tigray

RMMS

Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat

ROE

returns on equity

ROW

rest of the world

RPK

Revenue Passenger Kilometre

RRC

Relief and Rehabilitation Commission

RSDP

Road Sector Development Program

RTC

Rural Transformation Centers

SAC

structural adjustment credit

SAF

structural adjustment facility

SAM

Social Accounting Matrix

SAP

Structural Adjustment Programme

SCRP

Social Conversation Research Program

SDI

Simple Deprivation Index

SDPRP

Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program

SEPDM

Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement

SEZs

Special Economic Zones

SLITA

Sri Lanka Institute of Textile and Apparel

Sustainable Land Management

SME

small and medium-sized enterprise

SNA

System of National Accounts

SNNP

Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples

SNNPR

Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Region

SOAS

School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

SOE

state-owned enterprises

SSA

sub-Saharan Africa

SSM

small-scale manufacturing

SSRN

Social Science Research Network.

STAARS

Structural Transformation of African Agriculture and Rural Spaces

STI

science, technology, and innovation

SWC

soil and water conservation

T & G

textile and garment

TEDA

Tianjin Economic Development Area

TFP

total factor productivity

TFR

total fertility rate

TGE

Transitional Government of Ethiopia

TICAD IV

Tokyo International Conference on African Development IV

TIDI

Textile Industry Development Institute

TLUS

tropical livestock units

TMD

temporomandibular disorders

TPLF

Tigray People’s Liberation Front

TTSC

Textile Training and Services Centre

TWA

Trans World Airlines

TVET

Technical and Vocational Education and Training

U5MR

under-five and maternal mortality rates

UAE

United Arab Emirates

UCT/CCT

unconditional cash transfer/conditional cash transfer

UEUS

users and uses

UN

United Nations

UNECA

United Nations, Economic Commission of Africa

UN-ECA

United Nation Economic Commission for Africa

UN-Habitat

United Nations-Habitat

UN Women

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

UNCITRAL

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNDESA

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNFPA

United Nations Fund for Population

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

UNJP-RWEE

United Nations Joint Programme on Rural Women’s Economic Empowerment

UN OCHA

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

UNRTSD

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UN–REDD

United Nations–Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

UNU

United Nations University

UNU-MERIT

United Nations University–Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology

UNU-WIDER

United Nations University–World Institute for Development Economics Research

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USMR

US Mounted Rifles

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

VAT

value added tax

VSS

Voluntary Sustainability Standards

WDI

World Development Indicators

WDR

World Development Report

WEAI

Women’s Empowerment in Agricultural Index

WFO

workforce optimization

WFP

World Food Programme

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WHO

World Health Organization

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WPE

Workers’ Party of Ethiopia

WTO

World Trade Organization