Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 November 2020

(p. xii) (p. xiii) List of Figures and Maps

(p. xii) (p. xiii) List of Figures and Maps

  1. Figures

    1.1 Economic growth in Ethiopia, 1975–2017 4

  2. 2.1 Import/export trade through Djibouti 23

  3. 8.1 Transformation enablers in the GTP 117

  4. 8.2 Number of companies recruited by Ethiopian diplomatic missions conducted pre-investment visit to Ethiopia, 2014/15 120

  5. 8.3 Net FDI, US$ millions, and annual FDI growth rate (per cent) 124

  6. 9.1 Sectoral composition of Ethiopia’s GDP 139

  7. 9.2 Trends in agricultural productivity 145

  8. 9.3 Composition of Ethiopian exports: percentage share 148

  9. 9.4 Percentage shares of Ethiopian exports to and imports from high-income countries 151

  10. 9.5 Import intensity of intermediate input consumption and output growth 152

  11. 9.6 Asset ownership index in rural and urban areas, 2004 and 2015 154

  12. 9.7 Asset growth incidence curve in rural and urban Ethiopia 154

  13. 10.1 Total banking sector assets 167

  14. 10.2 Broad money, per cent of GDP 168

  15. 10.3 Selected macro indicators 169

  16. 10.4 Banks’ soundness indicators (annual average) 169

  17. 10.5 Bank branch expansion 170

  18. 10.6 Interest rate spread 171

  19. 10.7 Banks’ deposit and gross domestic savings 171

  20. 10.8 Bank credit 172

  21. 11.1 Government revenue and expenditure (per cent of GDP), 2000–16 179

  22. 11.2 Revenue trends: general government revenue by component 181

  23. 11.3 General government spending 182

  24. 11.4 Official development assistance per capita 184

  25. 11.5 External debt 184

  26. (p. xiv) 12.1 Trends in Ethiopia’s infrastructure development index 200

  27. 12.2 Share of major infrastructure sectors in the government capital budget, 1994–2014 201

  28. 12.3 Trends in the contribution of capital to growth, 1994–2017 205

  29. 13.1 Current account balances, per cent of GDP 217

  30. 13.2 Government balance, per cent of GDP 218

  31. 13.3 Gross fixed capital formation by sector, per cent of GDP 219

  32. 13.4 Composition of investment, share of total 220

  33. 13.5 Three balances, per cent of GDP 221

  34. 13.6 Debt indicators 224

  35. 14.1 Current account deficit 235

  36. 14.2 Import-to-GDP ratio, export-to-GDP ratio, and total trade-to-GDP ratio, 1997–2016 239

  37. 15.1 World coffee consumption, 1964–2012 251

  38. 15.2 Annual rate of growth of coffee export quantities from Ethiopia, 2002–17 253

  39. 15.3 Coffee yields in nine selected producing countries (bags/ha) 254

  40. 17.1 The CRGE strategy’s assumptions, rationale, and targets 290

  41. 17.2 Evolution of GDP and sectoral composition, 2011–30 296

  42. 17.3 GHG emissions growth, 2011–30: a GTP-II trajectory 296

  43. 17.4 Major sources of GHG emissions, 2011–30 297

  44. 19.1 Number of RPSNP beneficiaries between 2004/5 and 2016/17 334

  45. 19.2 Lorenz curve for national consumption over time, 1995/6–2015/16 344

  46. 19.3 Lorenz curve for consumption over time by area, 1995/6–2015/16 345

  47. 20.1 Real per-capita GDP levels in PPP and growth per capita, 1950–2014 355

  48. 20.2 Lowest estimate of decomposition of labour productivity growth in Ethiopia, 1960–2014 356

  49. 20.3a Growth incidence curve, 1996–2005 358

  50. 20.3b Growth incidence curve, 2000–5 359

  51. 20.3c Growth incidence curve, 2005–11 359

  52. 21.1 Population growth rates: estimated and projected 368

  53. 21.2 Growth rate of population by residence 370

  54. 21.3 Trends in population size: total, urban, and rural 371

  55. 21.4 Infant and under-five mortality 373

  56. 21.5 Population size by broad age groups 377

  57. 21.6 Percentage of total population by broad age groups 377

  58. 21.7 Age pyramids: 1980, 2010, 2030, and 2050 378

  59. (p. xv) 21.8 Dependency ratios 379

  60. 21.9 Demographic window of opportunity 380

  61. 23.1 Trends in stunting rates in rural areas by children’s age, 2000 and 2016 403

  62. 23.2 Trends in stunting rates in urban areas by children’s age, 2000 and 2016 403

  63. 23.3 Mean BMI of women by survey year and location 405

  64. 23.4 Percentage of women underweight by survey year and location 405

  65. 23.5 Percentage of women overweight/obese by survey year and location 406

  66. 23.6 Breastfeeding practices by age, 2000 407

  67. 23.7 Breastfeeding practices by age, 2016 407

  68. 23.8 Diarrhoea prevalence by age 409

  69. 23.9 Fever prevalence by age 409

  70. 24.1 Components of social protection 414

  71. 24.2 Mean food gap, by beneficiary status and year 418

  72. 24.3 Impacts of PSNP on value of total production in the eight study kebeles, per cent increase in total output 423

  73. 24.4 Local income multipliers of PSNP transfers, increase in income per birr transferred 424

  74. 24.5 National benefits and costs of PSNP, as a percentage of Ethiopia’s GDP 425

  75. 25.1 Total education sector expenditure as per cent of total government expenditure, 1996–2013 433

  76. 25.2 Enrolment trends in TVET by gender, 1997/8–2015/16 437

  77. 25.3 Trends in undergraduate enrolment in government and non-government institutions, all programmes 438

  78. 27.1 Real gross domestic product (GDP) per person engaged, 1950–2014 469

  79. 27.2 Smallholder grain production, 1995–2015 474

  80. 27.3 Average composition of the real value of crop output, 2004–13 (per cent) 477

  81. 28.1 Number of borrowers, loans and savings per borrower, and total savings, 2006–16 495

  82. 29.1 National coffee export and production performance of Ethiopian smallholder coffee producers 510

  83. 30.1 Arabica coffee price, 1990–2017 526

  84. 32.1 Real value of commercial agricultural surplus in Ethiopia and composition by commodity, 2006–15 559

  85. 32.2 Standard deviation of real cereal market prices between wholesale markets in Ethiopia, 2001–16, birr/quintal 564

  86. 32.3 Wheat imports, 2007–16, and number of aid beneficiaries, 2005–16 566

  87. 32.4 Ethiopia’s agricultural imports and exports, 2000–16 567

  88. (p. xvi) 33.1 Milk and egg production and productivity 576

  89. 33.2 Average contribution of factors in livestock output growth 580

  90. 33.3 Proportion of livestock vaccinated and disease-related deaths, 2004/5–2015/16 583

  91. 35.1 Economic growth and sectoral composition 624

  92. 35.2 Industrial composition: firms and employment 625

  93. 36.1 Growth patterns of manufacturing output and exports 633

  94. 36.2 Industrial structure: firms and dominant industries, 1995–2017 635

  95. 36.3 Geographic concentration of firms, 1994–2017 638

  96. 36.4 Sectoral share of MVA and GVP, 1995–2017 639

  97. 36.5 FDI and manufacturing FDI inflow, 2007–17 (in US$) 646

  98. 37.1 Industry and manufacturing in sub-Saharan Africa 652

  99. 37.2 Firm size, age, and the probability of exit in Ethiopian manufacturing 661

  100. 38.1 Completion rates for basic education, 1995–2015 679

  101. 39.1 Ethiopia: Gross fixed capital formation and saving 693

  102. 40.1 Ethiopia’s apparel and textile exports, 2000–16 708

  103. 40.2 Industrial parks in Ethiopia constructed between 2015 and 2018 709

  104. 40.3 Apparel exports by local and foreign firms, 2004/5–2016/17 710

  105. 41.1 FDI as a share of GDP and GFCF 735

  106. 43.1 Timelines of development plans 764

  107. 43.2 Conceptualizing rural–urban linkages 765

  108. 43.3 Share of local and imported raw materials in total raw materials in large and medium manufacturing 767

  109. 43.4 Average spending by household group and commodity type 772

  110. 43.5 Trends in real consumption expenditure by rural households for selected commodity groups 774

  111. 43.6 Rural consumption expenditure growth rate by quintile 774

  112. 43.7 Expenditure share by quintile for selected commodity groups 775

  113. 43.8 Trends in real consumption expenditure by urban households for selected commodity groups 776

  114. 43.9 Growth rate of urban consumption expenditure by quintile, 2005–15 777

  115. 43.10 Share of urban consumption expenditure by quintile 778

  116. 43.11 Aggregate multipliers 779

  117. 47.1 Structural transformation in East Asia 853