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date: 30 November 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Historically, Ethiopia’s near-perpetual independent existence has uniquely permitted latitude to shape policy and legal frameworks for the admission, protection, and management of foreign direct investment (FDI). The contemporary legal framework is a product of many external influences. International investment law principles have been part of Ethiopia’s investment law since 1903, when Ethiopia signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United States. This treaty contained some modern notions of international. Following military rule (1974–91), during which all domestic and international principles of fairness and equity were abrogated, Ethiopia attempted to build a new legal framework for the ordering of FDI. The existing framework is composed of evolving domestic legislation and an increasing number of international bilateral and regional investment treaties. This corpus of law is also equipped with institutional enforcement mechanisms. This chapter provides an overview and critique of existing rules and institutions.

Keywords: Ethiopian FDI Law, Ethiopian Investment Law, Ethiopian Investment Treaties, Ethiopian Investment Proclamation, Ethiopian Industrial Parks Law, Ethiopian protection of investment, foreign investment in Ethiopia

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