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date: 04 June 2020

(p. xvi) Abbreviations

(p. xvi) Abbreviations

AALS

Association of American Law Schools

ABA

American Bar Association

AC

Law Reports, Appeal Cases; Appeal Court Ação Cautelar (Brazil)

ACI

Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (Direct action of unconstitutionality, Brazil)

ACQP

Acquis Principles

AD

anno Domini

AGBG

Gesetz zur Regelung des Rechts der Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen (Standard Terms of Business Act, Germany)

AgRg

Agravo Regimental (Internal complaint procedure, Brazil)

AH

anno Hegirae (the year according the Muslim calendar)

AI

Agravo de Instrumento (Complaint procedure against refusal to grant leave of appeal, Brazil)

AJCL

American Journal of Comparative Law

ALADI

Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración (Latin American Association of Integration)

ALI

American Law Institute

All ER

All England Law Reports

ALR

Australian Law Reports

Ann Bull

Annual Bulletin

Anon

Anonymous

Ap

Apelacão (Appeal, Brazil)

Ap civ

Apelacão Civel (Appeal in Civil Matters, Brazil)

ASCL

American Society of Comparative Law

ASIL

American Society of International Law

Ass plén

Assemblée plénière of the Cour de cassation

B

Baron

B & Ald

Barnewall & Alderson’s King’s Bench Reports

BCE

before the Christian Era

BG

Schweizerisches Bundesgericht (Swiss Federal Court)

BGE

Entscheidungen des Schweizerischen Bundesgerichts (Decisions of the Swiss Federal Court)

BGB

Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (German Civil Code)

BGH

Bundesgerichtshof (German Federal Supreme Court)

BGHZ

Sammlung der Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Collection of the Decisions of the German Federal Supreme Court in Private Law Matters)

B & S

Best & Smith’s Queen’s Bench Reports

Bull civ

Bulletin des arrêts des chambres civiles de la Cour de cassation

Bundesverfassungsgericht (German Federal Constitutional Court)

BVerfGE

Sammlung der Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts (Collection of the Decisions of the German Federal Constitutional Court)

BW

Burgerlijk Wetboek (Dutch Civil Code)

c

canon

C.

Justinian’s Codex

CA

Court of Appeal

CAFA

Class Action Fairness Act

Cal

California; California Reports

Cal App

Court of Appeal, California

CALE

Centre for Asian Legal Exchange

CAN

Comunidad Andina de Naciones (Andean Community)

Cass ass plén

Cour de cassation, assemblée plénière

Cass ch réunies

Cour de cassation, chambres réunies

Cass civ

Arrêt d’une chambre civile de la Cour de cassation

Cass com

Arrêt de la Cour de cassation, chambre commerciale

Cass req

Arrêt de la Cour de cassation, chambre des requêtes

CC

Constitutional Court, South Africa

CCP

Chinese Communist Party

CE

Christian era

CEFL

Commission on European Family Law

CE Sect

Conseil d’État, Section

CESL

Proposal for a Regulation on a Common European Sales Law

CFR

Common Frame of Reference

Ch

Chapter

Ch App

Law Reports, Chancery Appeal Cases

CHRL

Comparative Human Rights Law

CIDIP

Conferencia Interamericana de Derecho Internacional Privado (Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law)

CISG

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

CLP

Current Legal Problems

CLR

Commonwealth Law Reports

CLS

Critical Legal Studies

Cmnd

Command Papers

Com

Cour de cassation, chambre commerciale et financière

COM

European Commission Documents

Cong

Congress

d.

deceased

D

Recueil Dalloz

D.

Justinian’s Digest

DCFR

Draft Common Frame of Reference

DLR

Dominion Law Reports

Drew

Drewry’s Vice Chancellor’s Reports tempore Kindersley

EC

European Communities

ECHR

European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

(p. xviii) ECHR, ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

ECJ

European Court of Justice

ECR

European Court Reports

EEC

European Economic Community

EGBGB

Einführungsgesetz zum Bürgerlichen Gesetzbuch (Introductory Act to the German Civil Code)

EHRR

European Human Rights Reports

El & Bl

Ellis & Blackburn’s Queen’s Bench Reports

Eq

Law Reports, Equity Cases

ER

English Reports

ERA

Europäische Rechtsakademie (Academy of European Law)

ERPL

European Review of Private Law

ETS

European Treaty Series

EU

European Union

Ex

Exchequer Reports

FS

Feasibility Study

F Supp

Federal Supplement

F 2d/3d

Federal Reporter, Second/Third Series

fol.

folio

FTAA

Free Trade Area of the Americas

FRCP

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (USA)

IMF

International Monetary Fund

Gai.

The Institutes of Gaius

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Gaz Pal

Gazette du Palais

Gen.

Book of Genesis

GG

Grundgesetz (Basic Law, Germany)

H Res

House of Representatives Resolution (USA)

HC

Habeas Corpus (Brazil)

HCA

High Court of Australia

HCJ

High Court of Justice, Israel

HL

House of Lords

HLC

Clark & Finnelly’s House of Lords Reports, New Series

HR

Hoge Raad (Supreme Court of the Netherlands)

ICLQ

International and Comparative Law Quarterly

Ind App

Law Reports: Indian Appeals

Inst.

The Institutes of Justinian

KB

Law Reports, King’s Bench

LCC

Land Claims Court

LJ

Law Journal; Lord Justice

LJR (NS)

Law Journal Reports (New Series)

LQR

Law Quarterly Review

LR

Law Reports; Law Review

Lloyd’s Rep

Lloyd’s Law Reports

M & W

Meeson & Welsby’s Exchequer Reports

MaxEuP

The Max Planck Encyclopedia of European Private Law

(p. xix) MERCOSUR

Mercado Común del Sur (Common Market of the South)

Misc

Miscellaneous Reports (New York)

MPI

Max Planck Institute

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NCCUSL

National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws

NE 2d

North Eastern Reporter, Second Series

NGO

Non-governmental Organization

NS

New Series

NW

North Western Reporter

NYS

New York State; New York Reporter

NYU

New York University

OAS

Organization of American States

OASTS

Organization of American States Treaty Series

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

OHADA

Organisation pour l’Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires (Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa)

OJ

Official Journal

OR

Obligationenrecht (Swiss Code of Obligations)

orig

originally

P

Pacific Reporter

Pa D & C

Pennsylvania District & County Reports

PC

Privy Council

P & D

Probate and Divorce Division

PECL

Principles of European Contract Law

PETL

Principles of European Tort Law

PICC

UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts

pr

principium

Ps.

Book of Psalms

QB

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench

QBD

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench Division

RabelsZ

Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht

RE

Recurso Extraordinário (Direct appeal of unconstitutionality to the Supreme Court, Brazil)

repr

reprinted

RIDC

Revue internationale de droit comparé

RGZ

Sammlung der Entscheidungen des Reichsgerichts in Zivilsachen (Collection of Decisions of the German Imperial Court in Private Law Matters)

S

Recueuil Sirey

S Ct

Supreme Court; Supreme Court Reporter

SA

South African Law Reports

SC

Session Cases, Scotland

SCA

Supreme Court of Appeal, South Africa

SCR

Supreme Court Reports, Canada

SEC

Security and Exchange Commission

sess

session

SJD

Scientiae Juridicae Doctor (Doctor of Legal Science)

Society of Public Teachers of Law

STF

Supremo Tribunal Federal (Federal Supreme Court, Brazil)

StGB

Strafgesetzbuch (German Criminal Code)

Tenn

Tennessee; Tennessee Supreme Court Reports

TGI

Tribunal de Grande Instance

trans

translator(s), translated by

UCC

Uniform Commercial Code

UDHR

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK

United Kingdom

UKHL

United Kingdom, House of Lords

UKNCCL

United Kingdom National Committee of Comparative Law

UKSC

United Kingdom Supreme Court

ULF

Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

ULIS

Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods

UN

United Nations

UNCITRAL

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNIDROIT

International Institute for the Unification of Private Law

UNTS

United Nations Treaty Series

US

United States Supreme Court Reports

USC

United States Code

UST

United States Treaties and other International Agreements

USCS

United States Code Service

Wisc

Wisconsin; Wisconsin Reports

WLR

Weekly Law Reports

WLSA

Women and Law in Southern Africa

WSMJJ

World Society of Mixed Jurisdiction Jurists

X

Liber Extra (Decretales Gregorii IX.)

ZGB

Zivilgesetzbuch (Swiss Civil Code)