- The Oxford Handbook of Citizenship
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Citizenship—<i>Quo Vadis</i>?
- Revisiting the Classical Ideal of Citizenship
- Re-Scaling the Geography of Citizenship
- Political Membership and Democratic Boundaries
- Liberal and Republican Conceptions of Citizenship
- Citizenship and Nationhood
- The History of Racialized Citizenship
- Feminist, Sexual, and Queer Citizenship
- Postcolonial Citizenship
- Economic Theories of Citizenship Ascension
- Comparing Citizenship Regimes
- Citizenship and Human Rights
- Citizenship and Cultural Diversity
- Citizenship and the Franchise
- Status Non-Citizens
- Citizenship in Immigration States
- Citizenship and State Transition
- Citizenship in Non-Western Contexts
- Indigenous Citizenship in Settler States
- Secular and Religious Citizenship
- Performative Citizenship
- Does Citizenship Matter?
- The Place of Territory in Citizenship
- Diasporas and Transnational Citizenship
- Fragmentation of Citizenship Governance
- Multiple Citizenship
- Multilevel Citizenship
- Supranational Citizenship
- Cosmopolitan Citizenship
- On Refugeehood and Citizenship
- Statelessness, ‘In-Between’ Statuses, and Precarious Citizenship
- Citizenship and Technology
- Citizenship For Sale?
- Citizenship and Membership Duties Toward Quasi-Citizens
- Inclusive Citizenship Beyond the Capacity Contract
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the economic costs and benefits of citizenship acquisition for immigrants, their countries of naturalization and origin. While most studies addressing the economic effects of naturalization focus on costs and mostly benefits for immigrants, there are two important gaps in the literature: the effect of naturalization on residents and overall economy of the destination and home countries. Based on a modern economic model of citizenship ascension, which combines human capital theory and immigration and citizenship policies, the chapter addresses a series of key questions as follows: how and why does the economic citizenship premium vary by gender, immigrant source country, entry path and waiting period for citizenship ascension? And how do specific policies such as dual citizenship in both sending and host countries affect the size of the economic premium for the three parties involved in the process, namely, immigrants and their countries of origin and destination?
Don J. DeVoretz, Professor of Economics Emeritus, Simon Fraser University.
Nahikari Irastorza, Willy Brandt Research Fellow at the Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity, and Welfare.
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