Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines what it means to be a citizen within liberal and republican political theories - liberalism as the dominant political philosophy of our time, and republicanism as bringing to the fore a new focus on citizenship. Evolving in different historical contexts, liberalism and republicanism represent alternative perspectives on the problem of politics; they share the value of freedom, but interpret and prioritise it differently vis a vis other values. This entails differences in their conceptions of citizenship, and in their potential responses to contemporary challenges of diversity (of gender, culture and religion) and of transnational interdependence.
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