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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines what it means to be a citizen within liberal and republican political theories - liberalism as the dominant political philosophy of our time, and republicanism as bringing to the fore a new focus on citizenship. Evolving in different historical contexts, liberalism and republicanism represent alternative perspectives on the problem of politics; they share the value of freedom, but interpret and prioritise it differently vis a vis other values. This entails differences in their conceptions of citizenship, and in their potential responses to contemporary challenges of diversity (of gender, culture and religion) and of transnational interdependence.

Keywords: Liberalism, republicanism, citizenship, freedom, civic virtue, self-government, diversity

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