Abstract and Keywords
Supranational citizenship, as a concept, sits somewhat uncomfortably between the regional experience of European citizenship and discourses on global or cosmopolitan citizenship.European citizenship is too narrow to exhaust the concept, and global or cosmopolitan citizenship is too broad to embrace it firmly. Hence the contours of supranational citizenship remain rather fuzzy. This chapter endeavors to dispel this fuzziness. It traces a conceptual definition of supranational citizenship focusing on the re-articulation of citizenship beyond national boundaries on the basis of a norm of mutual recognition of belonging. It then distils from the concrete experience of European citizenship further elements to reinforce this definition. Ultimately, the chapter relies on the reinforced definition to identify contemporary examples of supranational citizenship beyond the EU context - such as Mercosur citizenship or CARICOM citizenship - and to chart the theoretical prospects of the concept.
Keywords: Global Citizenship, European Citizenship, Cosmopolitan Citizenship, Nationality, Free Movement, Mutual recognition, MERCOSUR Citizenship, Gulf Citizenship, Caribbean Community, ECOWAS Citizenship
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