- The Oxford Handbook of Citizenship
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Citizenship—<i>Quo Vadis</i>?
- Revisiting the Classical Ideal of Citizenship
- Re-Scaling the Geography of Citizenship
- Political Membership and Democratic Boundaries
- Liberal and Republican Conceptions of Citizenship
- Citizenship and Nationhood
- The History of Racialized Citizenship
- Feminist, Sexual, and Queer Citizenship
- Postcolonial Citizenship
- Economic Theories of Citizenship Ascension
- Comparing Citizenship Regimes
- Citizenship and Human Rights
- Citizenship and Cultural Diversity
- Citizenship and the Franchise
- Status Non-Citizens
- Citizenship in Immigration States
- Citizenship and State Transition
- Citizenship in Non-Western Contexts
- Indigenous Citizenship in Settler States
- Secular and Religious Citizenship
- Performative Citizenship
- Does Citizenship Matter?
- The Place of Territory in Citizenship
- Diasporas and Transnational Citizenship
- Fragmentation of Citizenship Governance
- Multiple Citizenship
- Multilevel Citizenship
- Supranational Citizenship
- Cosmopolitan Citizenship
- On Refugeehood and Citizenship
- Statelessness, ‘In-Between’ Statuses, and Precarious Citizenship
- Citizenship and Technology
- Citizenship For Sale?
- Citizenship and Membership Duties Toward Quasi-Citizens
- Inclusive Citizenship Beyond the Capacity Contract
Abstract and Keywords
Federal citizenship is one of several kinds of divided and overlapping sovereignties, in which two or more distinct polities coexist on the same territory. Multilevel citizenship requires a sense of political peoplehood (even if this identity is weaker than the peoplehood promoted by nation-states, as in most subnational and supranational identities) coupled with a means of involving citizens in decision-making. Citizenship today is usually conceived as a unitary relationship between individuals and a sovereign state, a conception that can be traced back to Westphalia even though local citizenships dominated in most countries until relatively recently. Contemporary developments at supranational, subnational, and transnational levels mean that citizenship is returning to the historical norm of a patchwork of different statuses operating simultaneously. This is evident in the rise of supranational citizenship in the European Union, Unasur, and elsewhere, devolution to regional authorities, and the reemergence of cities as key venues of citizenship.
Willem Maas, Professor of Politics and Jean Monnet Chair, Glendon College, York University.
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