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date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is an exploration of the relations between the country’s ecology, environmental governance, and political economy. It is structured around several themes. First, an analysis of one of Nigeria’s major environmental ecological challenges—the fate of Nigeria’s forests. A second theme places Nigeria’s current environment problems on a larger historical landscape. A third explores the relations between the rise of Nigeria as a petrostate and its calamitous consequences for Nigeria’s environment. And a final section examines two regional insurgencies: the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) in the oil-producing Niger Delta; and Boko Haram in the northern drought-prone savannas. These two episodes of violent politics shed light on the relations between environment, resources, and Nigeria’s political economy; how questions of access to and control over resources and the environment enter into the often violent dynamics of postcolonial Nigerian politics and power.

Keywords: hydrocarbon, biodiversity, deforestation, environment, logging, plantation, agriculture

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