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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A movement for “non-Western democracy” has emerged from a world frustrated with the inability of liberal democracy and neoliberal globalization to achieve conflict resolution, economic justice, and cultural self-determination and consensus, especially in developing world contexts. Underscoring its decentralized ethnic structures and social movements, which have developed consensual democracy mechanisms and models to address the problems and opportunities that come with democratization, this chapter presents Nigeria as a case study of non-Western democracy. The chapter chronicles Nigeria’s evolving and transformational intersections of culture, democracy, and ethnic community in ways that inform a contemporary understanding of the ongoing pressures relayed by the country’s ethnic social movements and struggles, its consociational revisions to liberal democracy, and its invocation of decentralized, cultural consensus models. The conclusion reveals how these processes underlay the distinctiveness, challenges, and opportunities confronting Nigerian democracy and analyzes them in the context of a contemporary debate about political restructuring.

Keywords: democracy, constitutionalism, ethnic politics, national conference, civil society, African politics

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