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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on anticorruption efforts in post-independence Nigeria, and primarily on measures adopted since the return to civilian rule in 1999. Progress and setbacks are analyzed in relation to the politics of corruption. Historically, most initiatives by the Nigerian state to fight corruption have been judged to be ineffective and even disingenuous. During the civilian administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo, however, many Nigerians perceived what they thought were serious anticorruption efforts. This perception was embodied in the work of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and in its ambitious inaugural chairman, Nuhu Ribadu. Because the Ribadu-led EFCC encapsulated the successes and failures of anticorruption efforts in Nigeria more generally, this chapter examines the EFCC in considerable detail. The final section of the chapter offers a brief overview of some other recent and proposed efforts to combat corruption. The chapter concludes by offering some lessons learned.

Keywords: corruption, anticorruption, Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, Nuhu Ribadu, 419 scams, Nigeria

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