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date: 19 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Qualitative Research (QR) involves an interpretative approach to experimental data, generating meaning structures with specific properties. A hermeneutical approach to anomalous subjectivity is the core feature of phenomenological psychopathology, representing an excellent theoretical background for QR. In this perspective, psychiatric disorders are considered peculiar existential stances: despite all the patients’ biographical details and personal variations, they display a typical invariant structure residing in specific (anomalous) arrangements of patients’ structures of subjectivity. In phenomenological psychopathology-oriented QR, first person subjective experiences articulated in personal narratives are converted in transpersonal constructs (TPC), valid for a class of individuals—that is, people suffering from schizophrenia. TPC are synthetic schemes of comprehension of a manifold of experiences; they outline the typical invariant features of anomalous experiences, translating the first person subjective perspective in third person, objective descriptions; TPC reflect specific forms of patients’ anomalous subjectivity. They describe efficaciously the existential arrangement of people affected by specific psychiatric disorders, contributing to the fine description of clinical phenotypes. Refined TPC may be employed to draw rating scales

Keywords: qualitative research, phenomenological psychopathology, mental illness, psychiatric disorders, anomalous subjectivity, consciousness, subjectivity, structures of subjectivity, unstructured experiences

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