Abstract and Keywords
This article explores some of the major views of selfhood in modern philosophical and psychopathological literature, including the distinction between minimal-experiential and narrative-personal self, and it presents a simplified classification of how different levels of selfhood can be disturbed in different mental disorders. It proposes that schizophrenia spectrum disorders primarily involve a trait-like disturbance of the minimal-experiential self, which also may affect the coherence and stability of the narrative-personal self. Melancholia may involve some state-like disturbances of the minimal-experiential self, but with largely intact ipseity, and these disturbances appear here to be secondary to disorders of mood, temporality, and embodiment. Personality disorders outside the schizophrenia spectrum involve disturbances of the personal-narrative self and here the minimal-experiential self is never at stake. Finally, it offers some critical reflections on the epidemic-like rise of diagnoses such as dissociative disorders and depersonalization.
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