Abstract and Keywords
Kimura Bin (1931–) is a Japanese psychiatrist who has combined a Western, phenomenological approach to psychiatry with traditional Japanese concepts. His studies of schizophrenia are the topic of this chapter. Kimura begins by distinguishing the self in action and the self as object of reflection, expressed in Husserlian language as the subjective, noetic self and the objective, noematic self. He then postulates a reflective moment within the noetic sphere itself—momentary reflection in the course of acting. While the average person balances the active and reflective moments, the person with schizophrenia thinks that one is himself and the other an alien presence. He then traces the origin of schizophrenia to a failure of aïda, a Japanese concept that conveys a sense of openness and an originary bond with others. He argues that the ultimate deficit in schizophrenia is an inability to maintain an active/reflective balance in the interpersonal sphere.
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