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date: 24 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Pascal is the only Port-Royal writer to start an actual confrontation with Descartes, arguing that he is right to make philosophy a discourse from a principle, but wrong to reduce philosophy to a search for a wholly human wisdom. By adopting Jesus Christ and the dual nature of man, of which Jesus Christ is the model, as his principle, Pascal wants to show that Descartes’s philosophy is not only useless for salvation, but also uncertain in its claim to certitude, certitude never being purely rational. The erroneous conception that Descartes has of the knowledge of nature, but also of the knowledge of oneself and of God, is therefore attributed to this metaphysical ambition.

Keywords: Blaise Pascal, Port-Royal, principle, philosophy, Jesus Christ, science, thought

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