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date: 24 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines how the philosophy of Descartes contributed to Clauberg’s philosophical system. In this system it is metaphysics that imposes itself on the other sciences, as its contents impose themselves according to the order of knowledge. The core of Clauberg’s adherence to Cartesianism is thus linked to his conviction that Descartes’s philosophy is, above all, the discovery of the true “beginning” (initium) of philosophy, that is, the discovery of a principle that guarantees the primacy of metaphysics, established according to the order of knowledge. Clauberg aims to identify the first science, according to the order of knowledge of things (ordo cognitionis) as well as the order of teaching (ordo doctrinae), and consequently to establish the organization of all knowledge.

Keywords: Johannes Clauberg, metaphysics, first philosophy, ordo cognitionis, ordo doctrinae

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