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date: 08 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews characteristics of expertise common to all domains as a context for the expertise needed by military personnel. However, the value of expertise in job performance is of particular value in the military due to the exposure of individuals to physical harm combined with time-pressured requirements to manage and apply advanced, highly complex technologies. The need, nature, and value of military expertise and decision making are discussed in general terms of tactical, operational, and strategic decision making centered on the readiness of military units and personnel to perform their missions successfully. Cognitive qualities needed for military expertise are considered, including the emerging issue of cognitive readiness required for both regular and irregular military operations. The chapter suggests that military expertise is similar to expertise elsewhere, but the volatility, uncertainty, complexity, ambiguity, and lethality of the environment in which military decisions are often made significantly affect its character, preparation, and requirements in ways discussed in the chapter.

Keywords: cognitive readiness, irregular warfare, tactical, operational, strategic thinking, operational readiness, military decision making, critical thinking, creative thinking, training simulation

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