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date: 05 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter We provides a historical overview of research focusing on the topic of anticipation, with a particular focus on its importance in various high-performance domains, including sport. The first half of the chapter will review more than five decades of research which has highlighted some of the key perceptual–cognitive skills underpinning anticipation and how these interact and vary in importance from one situation to another. In the second half, suggestions for future research in this field will be presented, highlighting the need for methodological improvements and identifying ways in which conceptual understanding may be enhanced. While acknowledging the large body of literature that exists focusing on the importance of perceiving kinematic information from opponents during anticipation (i.e., postural cues), the authors bemoan the relative paucity of research focusing on how non-kinematic information related to situational context impacts on anticipation. Implications for research design and the development of conceptual frameworks are highlighted.

Keywords: perceptual–cognitive skills, cue usage, pattern recognition, gaze behaviors, contextual information, expertise

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