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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an introduction to and overview of both foundational and contemporary research using computational modeling to aid in the scientific understanding of human expertise. The authors note the distinction between computational models constructed within some molar or unified cognitive architecture and models that are more domain or task specific in their psychological assumptions, and present numerous examples of each type. The authors also provide their assessment of this body of research, one that highlights the need for extensive analysis, and even expert-level knowledge of both tasks and the environments in which expert behavior is manifest as a key requirement for successfully modeling high levels of skill or expert performance. Finally, the authors provide their thoughts about promising future directions for research using computational modeling, together with other emerging methodological techniques such as neuroimaging, to provide a comprehensive approach to advance the scientific understanding of human expertise.

Keywords: cognitive modeling, expertise, skill, computational modeling, cognitive architectures, knowledge engineering, task analysis

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