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date: 30 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the origin, development, and application of the Mastery Model. The model results from a specific process designed to generate a representation of five stages of development in any domain characterized by complex expertise. The framework of the model originated with the Dreyfus and Dreyfus general model of cognitive skill acquisition. Development is based on a semi-structured interview of experts and a qualitative analysis process. The structure of the Mastery Model is defined by key performance areas; stage profiles for each of these key areas specifying the hallmarks of performance and characterizing the progression of skill; and performance indicators for each of the key areas, categorized in five progressive levels. Specific examples from a completed model are provided. Differences between the Mastery Model and competency models are discussed. Recommendations to improve the development and application of the model are provided.

Keywords: mastery model, development mental model of expertise, expertise representation, Dreyfus model, assessment of expertise, cognitive skills acquisition

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