Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter, theories that explore the relationship between action and performance are reviewed. These theories ask whether our cognitive activity depends on “internal representations” or whether it can be explained by our interaction with the world around us. In other words, rather than projecting a model of the world outwards in order to plan and guide our actions, these approaches see physical interaction with the world as a form of cognitive activity. In other words, the focus of cognition is less about using mental representation and more about perception–action coupling between us and our world. The conclusion is that this points to an account of expertise which sees it as a matter of sensitivity to environmental constraints and opportunities, together with the ability to focus on optimal parameters in a given situation. The chapter consider ways in which such sensitivity could be probed through field study and interview with experts.
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