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date: 02 December 2020

(p. xv) Notes on Contributors

(p. xv) Notes on Contributors

Matthew D. Adler

is the Richard A. Horvitz Professor of Law and Professor of Economics, Philosophy and Public Policy at Duke University. He was previously the Leon Meltzer Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania School of Law. His scholarship is interdisciplinary, drawing from both welfare economics and normative ethics. Adler’s current research focuses on the theoretical foundations and practical implementation of prioritarianism. With Ole Norheim, he is the founder of the “Prioritarianism in Practice” research network. Adler is the author of New Foundations of Cost-Benefit Analysis (Harvard, 2006, with Eric Posner); Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis (Oxford, 2012), and Measuring Social Welfare (Oxford, 2019), and is the editor (with Marc Fleurbaey) of the Oxford Handbook of Well-Being and Public Policy (2016). Adler was until 2017 an editor of the journal Legal Theory, and is currently an editor of Economics and Philosophy.

Ali al-Nowaihi

is Emeritus Professor of Economics in the School of Business at Leicester University. Since 2000, his main area of research has been in behavioral economics. His main coauthor in this enterprise has been Sanjit Dhami; he has also published with Livio Stracca, Andrew Colman, Briony Pulford, David Omtzigt, Maxine Wei, and Cass Sunstein. Other areas he has published in include algebra, oligopoly theory (with Paul Levine), monetary policy (with Paul Levine and with Sanjit Dhami), and public economics (with Clive Fraser and with Sanjit Dhami). Ali graduated in mathematics from Cairo University in 1971, obtained his MSc also in mathematics from London University in 1973, and obtained his PhD in oligopoly theory in 1976 from the South Bank Polytechnic (now University). Ali has taught in two secondary schools, the South Bank Polytechnic (now University), Thames Polytechnic (now Greenwich University), and at Leicester University. He has also supervised six successful PhD students.

Jennifer A. Baker

is Professor of Philosophy at the College of Charleston. Her focus is on updating ancient virtue ethics for use today. Her published articles include “Who is Afraid of a Final End? The Omission of Traditional Practical Rationality from Contemporary Virtue Ethics,” “Virtue Ethics and Practical Guidance,” and “Virtue and Behavior.” Her co-edited collection of work on virtue and economics (with Mark D. White) was published by Oxford University Press in 2016. She is at work applying Stoic virtue ethics to business ethics as well as current-day policing.

Constanze Binder

is Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy, Co-Director of the Erasmus Institute for Philosophy and Economics, and Programme Director of the Research Master programme in Philosophy and Economics at Erasmus (p. xvi) University Rotterdam. Constanze studied economics and environmental system science at Graz University and obtained a PhD in philosophy at the University of Groningen. She previously taught in the Philosophy Departments of Groningen and Leiden University, worked at the Economics Department of the University of Osnabrück, and contributed to projects for the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Environment and the Austrian Human Dimensions Program. Constanze’s research is on the interface of philosophy and economics, with a particular focus on the analysis of freedom, responsibility, and distributive justice in political philosophy and welfare economics, as well as on the ethics of individual and collective decision-making in politics and economics.

Peter J. Boettke

is University Professor of Economics and Philosophy at George Mason University and Director of the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center. He received his PhD in economics from George Mason University in 1989. Before joining the faculty at George Mason University in 1998, Boettke taught at New York University. He currently serves as the President of the Mont Pelerin Society and was the President of the Southern Economics Association from 2015–17. His publications include Why Perestroika Failed: The Politics and Economics of Socialist Transformation, Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy, Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School, Robust Political Economy for the 21st Century, and Living Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.

Luc Bovens

(PhD University of Minnesota) is a Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and is core faculty in its PPE program. He was a Professor of Philosophy in the University of Colorado at Boulder (1990–2003) and in the London School of Economics and Political Science (2004–2017). He is joint author of Bayesian Epistemology (Oxford, 2003). His areas of research are philosophy of economics, philosophy and public policy, formal epistemology, rationality, and moral psychology.

John Broome

is Emeritus White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford, and a fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He is also an Honorary Professor at the Australian National University. Before moving to Oxford, he was Professor of Philosophy at the University of St Andrews, and before that Professor of Economics at the University of Bristol. He works on rationality and normativity, and also on value theory. As an application of his work on value theory, he is involved in the philosophy of climate change. He was a Lead Author of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. His books include, on value theory, Weighing Goods, Weighing Lives, and Ethics Out of Economics; on climate change, Climate Matters; and on rationality and normativity, Rationality Through Reasoning.

John B. Davis

is Professor Emeritus of Economics, Marquette University, USA, and Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. He is the author of Keynes’s Philosophical Development (Cambridge, 1994), The Theory of the Individual in Economics (Routledge, 2003), Individuals and Identity in Economics (Cambridge, 2011), co-author with Marcel Boumans of Economic Methodology: Understanding Economics (p. xvii) as a Science (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), and co-author with Robert McMaster of Health Care Economics (Routledge, 2017). He is a former editor of the Review of Social Economy, is co-editor with Wade Hands of the Journal of Economic Methodology, and is the editor of the Routledge Advances in Social Economics book series.

George F. DeMartino

is Professor of Economics in the Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, where he co-directs the MA in Global Finance, Trade and Economic Integration. He has published Global Economy, Global Justice: Theoretical Objections and Policy Alternatives to Neoliberalism (Routledge) and The Economist’s Oath: On the Need for and Content of Professional Economic Ethics (Oxford University Press). He is co-editor with Deirdre N. McCloskey of The Oxford Handbook of Professional Economic Ethics. He is now working on The Tragedy of Economics: Harm, Economic Harm, and the Harm Economists Do as They Try to Do Good.

Sanjit Dhami

is Professor of Economics at the University of Leicester. He studied at the Delhi School of Economics for his MPhil and the University of Toronto for his Masters and PhD degrees in economics. He has previously taught at the Universities of Toronto, Essex, and Newcastle. His research has mainly focused on behavioral economic theory and its applications. He is the author of Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis published by Oxford University Press in 2016, possibly the most comprehensive graduate treatment of the subject. His research spans several areas in behavioral economics, which include but are not restricted to behavioral decision theory, other-regarding preferences, time preferences, behavioral game theory, and judgment heuristics.

Marc Fleurbaey

is an economist, a professor in the Woodrow Wilson School and Center for Human Values at Princeton University, and a member of the Collège d’Etudes Mondiales (Paris FMSH). He is the co-author of Beyond GDP (with Didier Blanchet, Cambridge, 2013), A Theory of Fairness and Social Welfare (with François Maniquet, Cambridge, 2011), and the author of Fairness, Responsibility and Welfare (Oxford, 2008). He was a coordinating lead author for the IPCC 5th Report, and one of the initiators of the International Panel on Social Progress.

Gerald Gaus

is the James E. Rogers Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona, where he directs the program in Philosophy, Politics, Economics, and Law. His books include Value and Justification (Cambridge, 1990), Justificatory Liberalism (Oxford, 1996), and The Order of Public Reason (Cambridge, 2011). His most recent book is The Tyranny of the Ideal: Justice in a Diverse Society (Princeton University Press, 2016). He is currently writing a book on morality, complexity, and evolution to be published by Oxford University Press. His papers can be found at

Stefanie Haeffele

is a Senior Research Fellow, the Deputy Director of Academic and Student Programs, and a Senior Fellow with the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. She is the co-author of Community Revival in the Wake of Disaster: Lessons in Local Entrepreneurship (Palgrave), and the editor of Knowledge and Incentives in (p. xviii) Policy: Using Public Choice and Market Process Theory to Analyze Public Policy Issues (Rowman and Littlefield International).

Daniel M. Hausman

earned his philosophy PhD in 1978 at Columbia University, and has taught at the University of Maryland at College Park, Carnegie Mellon University, and since 1988 at the University of Wisconsin-Madison; he has visited at the Institute for Advanced Studies, the London School of Economics, and the Université de Cergy-Pontoise. His research focuses on issues at the boundaries between economics and philosophy. With Michael McPherson, he founded the journal Economics and Philosophy. He is the editor of The Philosophy of Economics: An Anthology (3rd edn, 2007). His books include Capital, Profits, and Prices, The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics, Causal Asymmetries, Preference, Value, Choice and Welfare, Valuing Health: Well-being, Freedom, and Suffering, and Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy, and Public Policy (3rd edn, 2017, co-authored with Michael McPherson and Debra Satz). In 2009, Daniel Hausman was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Joseph Heath

is Professor in the Department of Philosophy and the School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Toronto. A fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the Trudeau Foundation, Heath is the author of several books, both popular and academic. His most recent, Morality, Competition and the Firm (Oxford, 2014), is a collection of papers on business ethics and the normative foundations of market economies. He is also the author of Enlightenment 2.0, which won the Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing in 2015.

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

is Professor in Management at Loughborough University London. He is the author of several books, including Conceptualizing Capitalism (2015, winner of the Schumpeter Prize), From Pleasure Machines to Moral Communities (2013), Darwin’s Conjecture (with Thorbjørn Knudsen, 2010), and How Economics Forgot History (2001). He is the author of 150 articles in academic journals, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Institutional Economics, and Secretary of the World Interdisciplinary Network for Institutional Research.

Arjo Klamer

is a professor of cultural economics at Erasmus University in the Netherlands. He is the past president of the Association of Cultural Economists. He has developed a value-based approach and introduced the notion of shared goods. Among his publications are Doing the Right Thing: A Value Based Economy (2017) and Speaking of Economics: How to Be in the Conversation (2007).

Ulrike Knobloch

is Assistant Professor of Economics and Gender at the University of Vechta, Germany, and lecturer at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and the University of Gießen, Germany. She holds a PhD in economics from the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, as well as a diploma in economics and an intermediate diploma in philosophy from the University of Freiburg, Germany. She is a long-time active member of the following networks: efas – economics, feminism and science; European Platform of Women Scientists (EPWS); International Association for Feminist Economics (p. xix) (IAFFE); and Network Caring Economy (which she co-founded in 1992). Her academic research focuses on the normative foundations of pluralist feminist economics, feminist economic ethics, regulatory ethics from a gender perspective, economics of provisioning and systems of provisioning in comparison, feminist critical thinking in social economy, and household economics. Her most recent publications include the edited volume Economics of Provisioning: Contributions to the Plurality of Feminist Economic Theory (2019 in German; English translation planned).

Michael S. McPherson

served as President of the Spencer Foundation for fourteen years before retiring in 2017. Earlier he was President of Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, for seven years. He is a nationally known economist whose expertise focuses on the interplay between education and economics. McPherson is co-author or editor of several books, including Lesson Plan: An Agenda for Change in American Higher Education, Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America’s Public Universities, The Student Aid Game, and Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy, and Public Policy (with Daniel Hausman and Debra Satz). McPherson was founding co-editor of the journal Economics and Philosophy (with Hausman). He is currently a Senior Research Fellow at the Mellon Foundation and a non-resident Fellow at the Urban Institute.

Barak Medina

is the Justice Haim H. Cohn Professor of Human Rights at the Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He currently serves as Rector of the Hebrew University, after serving as Dean of the Faculty of Law from 2009 to 2012. His scholarly work focuses on human rights law and economic analysis of law. He has served as a visiting professor at the law schools of Columbia University and University of California, Berkeley.

Brendan O’Flaherty

is Professor of Economics at Columbia University. Most of his work is about homelessness, crime, race, and Newark, New Jersey. His books include Shadows of Doubt: Stereotypes, Crime, and the Pursuit of Justice (with Rajiv Sethi), The Economics of Race in the United States, How to House the Homeless (with Ingrid Gould Ellen), City Economics, and Making Room: The Economics of Homelessness.

James R. Otteson

is Thomas W. Smith Presidential Chair in Business Ethics and Professor of Economics at Wake Forest University. He received his BA from the University of Notre Dame and his PhD from the University of Chicago. He specializes in political economy, moral philosophy, and the history of economic thought, and his publications include Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life (2002), Actual Ethics (2006), Adam Smith (2013), and The End of Socialism (2014). His most recent book, Honorable Business: A New Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society, was published by Oxford University Press in 2019.

Julian Reiss

is Professor of Philosophy at Durham University and co-director of the Centre for Humanities Engaging Science and Society (CHESS). He has a degree in economics and finance from the University of St. Gallen and a PhD in philosophy from the London School of Economics. His main research interests are methodologies of the (p. xx) sciences (especially causality and causal inference, models, simulations and thought experiments, and counterfactuals), philosophy of economics, and science and values. He is the author of Error in Economics: Towards a More Evidence-Based Methodology (2008), Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction (2013), Causation, Evidence, and Inference (2015), and over fifty papers in leading philosophy and social science journals and edited collections.

Ingrid Robeyns

is an economist and philosopher and holds the Chair in Ethics of Institutions at the Ethics Institute at Utrecht University. She currently also serves as the president of the Human Development and Capability Association. She works primarily in normative political philosophy and applied ethics, in particular theories of justice, the evaluation of institutions, and the capability approach. In her recent book Well-Being, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-examined (Open Book Publishers), she analyses how all the different strands in the capability approach relate to each other and can be thought to fit together under one generalized overarching structure. In applied ethics and applied philosophy, she has worked on questions of gender, parenthood, disability, basic income, welfare state arrangements, and ecological sustainability, among many more. More information and links to her publications can be found at

David C. Rose

is Professor of Economics at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. His research focuses on behavioral economics, political economy, the theory of the firm, and ethics. He has published scholarly articles on a wide range of topics. His book The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior (Oxford, 2011) explored the role that moral beliefs play in the development and operation of free market societies. His more recent book Why Culture Matters Most (Oxford, 2019) explores how culture uniquely solves the most daunting obstacle to individual and collective human flourishing: individual rationality undermining the common good. His work has been supported by the Weldon Spring Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, the HFL Foundation, the Earhart Foundation, and the Templeton Foundation. He earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from Missouri State University and a PhD in economics from the University of Virginia.

Joakim Sandberg

is Director of the Financial Ethics Research Group at University of Gothenburg in Sweden. He is Professor of Economics and Finance from a Humanist Perspective at University of Groningen in the Netherlands, and Associate Professor of Practical Philosophy at University of Gothenburg. He is also affiliated with the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets (Misum) at the Stockholm School of Economics. Joakim has a background in both economics (MBA in 2003) and philosophy (PhD in 2008). He was selected as Wallenberg Academy Fellow by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 2014.

Debra Satz

is the Vernon R. and Lysbeth Warren Anderson Dean of the School of Humanities and Sciences, the Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of Ethics in Society, and Professor of Philosophy and (by courtesy) Political Science at Stanford University. (p. xxi) Her publications include Why Some Things Should Not be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets (2010) and Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy and Public Policy (2017, with Michael McPherson and Daniel Hausman). She has coedited several books and is the author of numerous articles and the editor of the journal Philosophy and Public Affairs. She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2018.

David Schmidtz

is Kendrick Professor of Philosophy and Eller Chair of Service-Dominant Logic in the McGuire Center for Entrepreneurship at the University of Arizona. He is editor in chief of the journal Social Philosophy & Policy, author of Elements of Justice, and co-editor (with Dan Shahar) of Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works, published by Oxford University Press.

Virgil Henry Storr

is a Senior Research Fellow, Vice President of Academic and Student Programs, and the Don C. Lavoie Senior Fellow in the F.A. Hayek Program in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University, and an Associate Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at George Mason University. He is the author of Understanding the Culture of Markets (Routledge).

Mark D. White

is Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy at the College of Staten Island/CUNY, and a member of the doctoral faculty in economics at the Graduate Center of CUNY. He is the author of seven books, including Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character; editor or co-editor of many volumes, including Economics and the Virtues: Building a New Moral Foundation (with Jennifer A. Baker); and author of over sixty journal articles and book chapters in economics, philosophy, and law. He is series editor of On Ethics and Economics (Rowman and Littlefield International) and Perspectives from Social Economics (Palgrave Macmillan), and a co-founder of the blog Economics and Ethics.

Jonathan B. Wight

is Professor of Economics and International Studies in the Robins School of Business at the University of Richmond. He is past president of the Association for Social Economics and author of Ethics in Economics: An Introduction to Moral Frameworks and the academic novel Saving Adam Smith: A Tale of Wealth, Transformation, and Virtue. He is co-author of Teaching the Ethical Foundations and Economics, and co-founded and edits the blog Economics and Ethics.

Kaitlyn Woltz

is a third year PhD student at George Mason University in the Economics department. She is a PhD fellow with the Mercatus Center and a Graduate Fellow with the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics. Kaitlyn’s research interests are in the fields of Austrian economics, institutional analysis, and the political economy of criminal justice. Her current project looks at the role that prison periodicals played in prisons and the criminal justice system during the mid-twentieth century.

Eyal Zamir

is the Augusto Levi Professor of Commercial Law at the Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he served as Dean of the Faculty of Law from 2002 to 2005. His spheres of interest include economic and behavioral analyses of law, (p. xxii) law and normative ethics, and contract law and theory. He has been a visiting researcher or visiting professor at the law schools of Harvard, Yale, NYU, Georgetown, UCLA, and Zurich. Eyal has authored or edited sixteen books and published more than sixty articles and book chapters, including ones in Columbia Law Review, Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Law Review, California Law Review, and Virginia Law Review.