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date: 02 December 2020

(p. 607) Index

(p. 607) Index

Note: Page numbers in bold refer to authors’ main entries; page numbers in bold italics refer to figures.

A
Abeler, Johannes 185, 185n2, 187, 188, 203
absolutist and moderate deontology 526–7
Acemoglu, Daron 575, 578
achieved functionings 98, 99
act-consequentialism 532
act types 142, 144, 145
adaptive complex systems, agent-based 151–2
Addabbo, Tindara 258, 265
Adler, Matthew D. xv, 6, 399–420, 426, 434, 441, 465, 471, 478n3, 479, 479n4, 480, 488, 493, 524n1, 532, 535, 538
Adler, Moshe 14, 27, 30
Adorno, Theodor W. 283–4, 288
adversarial behavior 351
advocacy 140, 237, 280, 448
affiliation 104, 161, 393,
Affordable Care Act 507
Africa 85
African Americans 196, 563, 570, 571, 577, 578
age 128, 142, 170, 252, 567, 569
agency 35, 36, 37, 40, 43, 45, 48, 97, 221, 252, 262, 264, 302, 307, 312, 477, 483, 514
achievement 222, 224
freedom 222, 223, 224
agent-based adaptive complex systems 151–2
aggregation theorem (Harsanyi) 426, 451
AIDS 460
Aiken, Alexander M. 448, 471
Ainslie, George 47, 50
Akerlof, George A. 14, 30, 62n17, 73
Al-Najjar, Nabil I. 436, 441
al-Nowaihi, Ali xv, 5, 181–203, 204
Aldrich, Katie 493
Alesina, Alberto 270, 274, 278, 282, 285, 286, 287
Alexander, J. McKenzie 151, 153, 155
Alexander, Larry 525, 527, 530, 538, 539
Alexander, Richard 126, 132
alienation 23, 24, 25, 29, 305, 306, 320, 321, 322
Alm, James 186, 203
Altonji, Joseph 573, 578
altruism 2, 21, 23, 36, 56, 59, 63, 64, 90, 118, 119, 120, 125, 126, 132, 151n14, 184, 197, 197n5, 332
Alvey, James 36, 50
ambiguity aversion 426, 435–7, 440, 441
America(ns) 28, 149, 174, 233, 318, 341, 386, 393, 504, 534, 566, 577
American Economic Association (AEA) 87, 88, 93, 474
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 575
Amiel, Yoram 439, 442
Anderson, Elizabeth 36, 40, 50, 112, 252, 265, 311n16, 313, 393, 395
Andreoni, James 63, 73, 128n15, 132
androcentric ethics 248, 254–5
beyond 248–51
androcentrism 248, 249,
Angel, James J. 367, 376
anger 128, 198
Angner, Erik 37, 50, 104, 112, 478, 493
Angrist, Joshua 575, 578
Annas, Julia 37, 38, 39, 48, 48n7, 50
anonymity 417, 418, 419, 451, 452
and morality 197
anthropology 58, 118, 139, 256n8, 270, 272, 274, 275, 276, 278, 281, 282, 360
anti-discrimination laws 524, 532, 534, 535, 536, 537, 562, 575, 576
antitrust law 71, 391, 395
Apel, Karl-Otto 249
(p. 608) Applbaum, Arthur 349, 350, 351, 351n3, 356
applied economics 238, 399, 403, 478n3
ethics in 497–578
applied ethics 43, 97, 557
approval 15, 18, 28, 120, 127, 164, 166, 168, 169, 170, 171, 301
Aquinas, Thomas 365, 376
Argyle, Michael 29n20, 30
Ariely, Dan 200, 203, 206
Aristotle 4, 34, 36n2, 37, 37n3, 38, 39, 44, 46, 47, 79, 259, 272, 280, 363, 364, 365, 376, 550
Arius Didymus 46, 47
Armantier, Olivier 186, 203
Armed Forces Qualifying Test (AFQT) 573
Armendáriz, Beatriz 372, 373, 376
Arn, Christof 258, 265
Arneson, Richard 97, 112
Arnold, Denis G. 373, 376
Arnold, Matthew 275, 287, 323n6, 335
Arrhenius, Gustaf 602, 604
Arrow, Kenneth J. 86, 92, 93, 130, 132, 423, 442, 504, 518, 587, 588, 604
Arrow-Debreu extension of general equilibrium theory 423
Arthur, W. Brian 147, 155
arts 270, 276, 277, 298
role in society 86–7
ashamot (guilt) offerings 189
Asheim, Geir B. 441, 442
Ashraf, Nava 14n4, 30
Ashta, Arvind 373, 377
asset 361–2
asset bubble 362
assurance 169
asymmetric information 88
Atkinson, Anthony B. 452n3, 471, 589, 604
atonement 189
Augustine 37
Aurelius, Marcus 49, 50
austerity 332
Australia 28
Austria 186
Austrian School of Economics
economics and ethics within 229–45
social cooperation 240–4
authoritarian regimes 333
authority 130, 130n17, 298, 392, 482
obedience to 123, 124
autonomy 55, 56, 56n5, 57, 60, 67, 71, 72, 79, 83, 104, 111, 220, 233, 250, 263, 368, 393, 395, 404, 499, 511, 524, 536
Autor, David 567, 578
Auyang, Sunny Y. 147, 155
Avineri, Shlomo 322, 335
avoidable vs. unavoidable harms 476, 486, 487
avoiding conflicts of interest 368–9
Ayub, Muhammad 365, 376
Axelrod, Robert 151, 156
Azar, Ofer H. 186, 203
B
Backhouse, Roger E. 37, 50, 54n1, 73
“bad man” (Holmes) 65
Badgett, M.V. Lee 259, 260, 265
Badhwar, Neera K. 29n20, 30
Baier, Andrea 261, 265
Bakan, Joel 339, 341, 343n1, 356
Baker, Jennifer A. xv, 4, 34–50, 532n4, 539
Balafoutas, Loukas 194, 203
Balkin, Jack M. 530, 539
Bangladesh 189, 372
banks 195, 323, 340, 361, 365, 368, 371, 372
Baradaran, Mehrsa 365, 376
Barber, Benjamin 309n9, 313
bargaining 200, 201, 236, 306, 389, 390, 395, 479n4, 490, 512, 534, 560, 563, 573
Barkan, Rachel 188, 203
Barone, Enrico 325
barter 22, 45, 243, 303, 319n3, 352, 359
economy 359, 360
Bartling, Bjorn 193, 203
Bastiat, Frédéric 240, 333n14, 335
Basu, Kaushik 110, 112
Bateman, Milford 373, 376
Battigalli, Pierpaolo 199, 203
Bauhardt, Christine 253, 265
Baumeister, Roy F. 62, 73
Baumol, William J. 68, 73, 276, 287, 331, 335
Baumol disease 277
Baurmann, Michael 37, 39, 50
Beauvoir, Simone de 250, 265
Bebchuk, Lucian 343, 356
(p. 609) Becker, Gary S. 2, 7, 35n1, 50, 64, 86, 93, 131, 132, 568, 578
Becker, Lawrence 39, 46n6, 50, 73
Beecher, Catherine E. 259, 265
behavioral economics 3, 5, 14, 37, 176, 181–207
behavioral opportunism 162, 163
beliefs and morality: psychological game theory 198–200
Ben-Ner, Avner 128n15, 132
benefit corporations 64n19, 342
Benería, Lourdes 256, 265
benevolence 14, 17, 18, 21, 26, 28, 37, 39, 79, 239, 241, 300, 302, 312, 510
limits of 21–3
Bennett, Jonathan 525, 539
Benhabib, Seyla 249, 265
Bennholdt-Thomsen, Veronika 260, 265
Bentham, Jeremy 3, 79, 82, 232, 245, 365, 376, 418
Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M. van den 399, 421
Bergstrom, Theodore C. 2, 7
Berlin, Isaiah 92, 93, 107, 112, 318n4, 335, 511n8, 518
Bernoulli, Daniel 586–7, 604
Bernoulli’s Hypothesis 586–7, 588
Berry, Christopher J. 14, 19n9, 30
Bertrand, Marianne 196, 206, 570, 571, 578
Better Business Bureau 81
between-group selection 150
Betzler, Monika 59n11, 73
Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd 270, 274n2, 276n3, 278n4, 285, 287
Beveridge, Sir William 237, 245
Bicchieri, Cristina 140–1, 142, 155, 156
bilateral setting 201
Bill of Rights (US) 69
Binder, Christina 100, 112
Binder, Constanze xv–xvi, 4, 96–111, 112, 256n9
Binmore, Kenneth 119n5, 132, 139, 156, 161, 177, 600, 605
binomial tests 184
biology 125, 127, 128, 130, 131, 139, 250, 515
bioethics 97
Birnie, Arthur 365, 376
Black, Dan A. 574, 578
black markets 352
Blackorby, Charles 404, 421, 424, 428, 442, 604
blame 19n10, 20n11, 190, 193, 199, 312, 367, 505
Blanc, Louis 318
Blanchet, Didier xvii
Blank, Rebecca 573, 578
Blaug, Mark 214, 227
Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition 572
Block, Walter 234, 245
blood donations 201
Blount, Sally 193, 203
Boadway, Robin 400, 402, 404, 412, 421, 479, 479n4, 493
Boardman, Anthony E. 402, 421
Boatright, John R. 368, 369, 370, 376
Bodo rules 142–3
Boehm, Christopher 142n3, 143n7, 151n13, 156
Boettke, Peter J. xvi, 2, 5, 7, 229–45
Bogle, John C. 366, 376
Bok, Sissela 122n7, 132
Boltanski, Luc 272, 287, 338, 356
Boly, Amandou 186, 203
Bommier, Antoine 430, 431, 442
Bonikowski, Bart 570
bookshelf metaphor 165–70
Boorse, Christopher 500n2, 518
Border, Kim C. 593, 604
Borna, Shaheen 366, 376
Bosanquet, Bernard 144n9, 156
Bossert, Walter 404, 421, 604
bottom-up social self-organization 155
Botzen, W.J. Wouter 399, 421
Boumans, Marcel xvi
Bourdieu, Pierre 284, 287
bourgeois virtues 29, 38, 270, 280, 283
Bouris, Erica 481, 493
Bovens, Luc xvi, 6, 446–71, 472
Bowie, Norman 364, 376
Bowles, Samuel 2, 7, 51, 81, 89, 93, 94, 118nn2,3, 120, 125, 128n15, 131, 132, 142n5, 148, 150, 151nn13,14, 156, 200, 203, 381, 395
Boyd, Robert 118n3, 124, 127, 128, 128n15, 132, 134, 142n4, 143n7, 148, 150, 151, 151n13, 158, 163n5, 177
Bradley, Richard 437, 442
Brandt, Richard B. 143, 156
(p. 610) Brecht, Bertolt 83, 93
Brennan, Geoffrey 37, 39, 50, 535n5, 539
Brennan, Jason 307n9, 308n11, 313, 548, 557, 558
Brennan, Samantha 522, 526, 527, 530, 539
Brexit 275
Britain 121, 230, 275, 299
Brock, Dan W. 461n7, 472, 507, 518
Broome, John xvi, 7, 66n24, 424, 425, 442, 501, 518, 583–604, 605
Brown, Abbey 493
Brown, Claire 279
Brown, Donald E. 122n7, 132
Brown, Marvin T. 262, 265
Bruce, Neil 404, 412, 421, 479, 493
Bruin, Boudewijn de 359n1, 368, 369, 376
Bruni, Luigino 46, 50
Brunnermeier, Marcus K. 371, 372, 376
Buchak, Lara 459n5, 472
Buchanan, Allen 129, 133
Buchanan, James McGill 66n25, 73, 238, 239, 240, 245, 480, 493
Buddhism 79, 279
Bullard, Robert 545n1, 558
bullion 360
Burke, Edmund 149, 149n11, 156
Burns, Robert 548
butcher-brewer-baker passage (Smith, WN) 300, 301, 302
Butler, Judith 250, 251, 265
Buyx, Alena 509, 520
Bykvist, Krister 401, 421
Byskov, Morten F. 102, 112
C
Caesarian section 6, 449–50
and vaginal birth 458, 459
Calabresi, Guido 521, 523, 533, 539
calculative trust 168
Caldwell, Bruce 334
Callon, Michael 276, 287
Calvin, John 279
Cambridge school of economics 231, 233
Camerer, Colin F. 14n4, 30, 51, 120, 126n13, 131, 133, 182, 183, 186, 204
Cameron, Kim 270, 281, 287
Campbell, John 87, 93
cancer 6, 448, 449, 457, 458, 470, 471, 504
Cannan, Edwin 231
capabilitarian theories of justice 96, 98, 99
capabilities 4, 86, 96, 98, 98n1, 103n2, 106n4, 128, 162, 219, 256, 256n9, 321, 401, 484, 489
and moral values and human dignity 221–4
capability accounts 98
capability approach 96–111
and assessment of economic institutions and systems
how does it make a difference 106–9
how should it be further developed 109–11
in economic ethics 106–11
and freedom 100–3
what is it? 97–100
capability set 98, 98n1, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 108, 110
capability theories 96, 98, 105, 106
capitalism 5, 81, 83, 106, 107, 176n11, 229, 230n1, 231, 234, 240n3, 244, 253, 256n8, 260, 279, 280, 284, 306, 337, 339, 341, 355, 356, 363, 364, 366, 381, 387, 491
and democracy 316–34
Hayek 324–8
Marx 320–2
Polanyi 328–30
postwar literature 330–4
Schumpeter 322–4
Tocqueville 318–20
varieties of 330–1
care
ethics 64n20, 250, 251, 263
global theory 250
justice 250, 264, 265
for whom? 250–1
migration, moral harm of 251
political theory of 250
rights 249
work 252, 258, 259, 260, 261, 263, 264
Careful Economics 263
caring 27, 82, 181, 243, 255, 562
citizenship 251
democracy 251
masculinities 251
(p. 611) provisioning 262–4
feminist economics of 264
rationality 250
Carpenter, Jeffrey P. 128n15, 133, 195n4, 204
Carson, Richard T. 534, 539, 541
Carter, Ian 101, 112
Cat, Jordi 209, 226, 227
catastrophe avoidance 440, 464
vs. equity 432–3
categorical imperative (Kant) 56, 57, 57n6, 58, 79, 249, 305, 349, 508
Cathcart, Thomas 56n3, 73
Catholicism 189, 279, 280, 331, 562
CEDAW (Convention of the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women) 249
certainty equivalent 431, 454, 457, 459, 460, 464
Chambers, Christopher P. 428, 442
Chamlee-Wright, Emily 240, 281, 287, 288
Champ, Patricia A. 399, 403, 421, 534, 539
Chandra, Amitabh 575, 578
Chang, Ha-Joon 229, 245
Chang, Howard F. 529, 539
Chang, Ruth 524, 539
charitable donations 342, 448
charity 13, 22, 44, 60, 61, 62, 63, 90, 143, 144, 280, 365, 456, 457, 512, 516
Charness, Gary 195n4, 203, 204
chartalism 360
Charusheela, S. 251, 265
cheating 88, 137n17, 153, 187, 192, 194, 200, 349, 368
Cherrier, Beatrice 37, 50
Chetty, Raj 37, 51
Chiapello, Eve 338, 356
childrearing 64
China 28, 79, 175, 478
Choi, Seung 29, 32
Chorus, Silke 260, 266
Christianity 18, 144
churning 368
civic cooperation 193
civil liberties 327
civil rights 7, 190, 317, 327
employment and race 559–78
civil rights laws
activities covered 564–6
policies for future 576–7
purpose of 560–6
what do they do? 574–6
Civil Rights Act 1964 560
Claassen, Rutger 97, 106n5, 112
Clark, Gregory 309n14, 313
Clarke, James J. 368, 376
climate 49, 108, 143, 150, 299, 303, 399, 436, 441, 460, 461, 503
CLIO-Infra project 105
Coase, Ronald H. 69, 73, 92, 93, 395, 479n4
Coase Theorem 69
Coats, A.W. 277, 287
Code of Professional Conduct (AEA) 87
coercive paternalism 308
coercion vs. consent 490–2
cognition 142
cognitive science 167
Cohen, Gerald A. 96, 107, 112, 311n16, 313, 338, 355, 356
Cohen, Morrie 355–6
Cohn, Alain 196, 204
coinage 360
Coker, Edward W. 14n5, 30
Colander, David 155, 156, 229, 245
Cold War 332
Coleman, Jules L. 67n26, 73
collateral 317, 372
collective decision making 239, 317, 332, 334
collective ownership 230, 231
Colman, Andrew xv
colonialism 301
Comim, Flavio 401, 421
commerce 2, 5, 6, 17, 27, 29, 34, 70, 81, 86, 280, 487
humanity of 312
and markets 293–395
commitment 1, 13n2, 45, 59, 63, 64, 77, 98, 99, 149, 150, 233, 236, 278, 302, 342, 369, 395, 487, 533
commodification 111, 260, 261, 305, 332, 334, 536
commodity theory of money 359, 360
common good 36, 42, 124, 161, 163, 172, 173, 177, 326, 510
(p. 612) Commons, John R. 491
communism 316, 322
community 19, 20, 27, 38, 57, 59, 79, 86, 87, 89, 96, 118, 127, 130, 143, 155, 202, 210, 249, 251, 258, 259, 276, 298, 306, 322, 338, 339, 342, 483, 484, 485, 502, 509, 512, 513, 514, 524, 544, 545, 546, 550, 551, 556
conflict as foundation of 552–4
compassion 6, 279, 476, 499, 500, 511, 513, 515, 516, 517
fairness, and solidarity 507–10
compensable vs. noncompensable harm 481–3
competition 5, 25, 46, 70, 71, 150–, 163, 172, 175, 182, 201, 202, 231, 254, 257, 264, 278, 299, 321, 323, 327, 332, 338, 339, 343, 344, 346–9, 351–4, 364, 504, 514, 545
among suppliers 347
competitive incentives 195, 195n4
competitive price-cutting 348
competitive strategies 354
complex adaptive system, morality as 138–55
complex systems
agent-based adaptation 150–4
analysis 139
approach to ethics and economics 208–27
two visions 211–13
macro adaptations 148–50
complexity 77, 91, 92, 139, 142–8, 277, 283, 284, 375, 492
catastrophe 148
and emergence 146–7
imperative of 155
compliance 25, 146, 155, 186, 196, 202, 353, 531, 536
behavior, diversity of 143–5
problems 352
conceptual interconnectivity 141
conflict 7, 56, 58, 61, 61n14, 77, 83, 84, 87, 90, 131, 148, 150, 212, 213, 235, 242, 243, 244, 277–9, 286, 332, 367, 382, 386, 437, 464, 471, 483, 511, 515, 516, 529, 536, 545–8, 562, 563, 573, 597, 598
environmental 554–6
as foundation of community 552–4
of interest, avoiding 368–9
conformist transmission 127
conformity 121, 129, 166, 176, 181, 182
bias 151
classical emphasis on 164–5
social 4
Confucianism 79, 280
Confucius 89
congestion 387, 554
Congleton, Roger D. 333, 335
Conly, Sarah 307n9, 308, 313
connectionist theory of the mind 140–1
Connell, Raewyn 250, 253, 268
Conrads, Julian 190, 204
conscience-accounting 186
consent 67, 232, 233, 236, 240, 243, 299n4, 387, 456, 477, 523
vs. coercion 486, 490–2
consequences 34, 39, 55, 71, 77, 80, 82, 92, 143, 146, 149, 154, 214, 232, 236–8, 244, 252, 283, 285, 311, 312, 329, 333, 343n1, 349, 351, 352, 382, 388, 428–31, 439, 441, 471, 478, 486, 489, 490, 500–2, 508, 509, 513, 526, 545, 549
enriched description of 428
consequentialism 54, 56, 82, 92, 349, 399, 418, 522, 524, 525, 525, 527–32, 535
constraints 56, 59, 60–2, 78, 81, 91, 100–3, 106–9, 164, 165, 171, 172, 174, 176, 222, 239, 252n5, 278, 302, 337, 349, 350, 352–5, 359, 409, 420, 432, 447, 490, 492, 511, 512, 521, 546
deontological 522, 524–32, 535, 536
and thresholds 535–8
consumers 54, 63, 64, 71, 72, 80, 82, 83, 85, 86, 118, 201, 202, 258, 325, 333, 344–8, 355, 367, 368, 369, 375, 383, 391, 431, 491, 503, 505, 553, 555, 585
consumption attributes 402, 411n16
continuity 417–19
contours of equal goodness 601
contract theory 182
contractors 385, 386, 388–91, 395, 514
contractualism 90
conversion factors 98, 99, 101, 105, 108, 109
Cooke, Lynn Prince 258, 266
(p. 613) cooperation 3, 17, 51, 81, 84, 118–20, 125, 127, 139, 145–7, 149, 151–4, 174, 176n11, 193, 202, 302, 305, 549–50, 555, 556
flexible large group 162–3, 173
large group 161–4, 173, 176n11
social 4, 18, 152, 163, 229, 231–3, 236
in Austrian school 240–4
Cooter, Robert 521, 539
Cordes, Joseph 277, 287
corporate ethics 255, 257, 258
corporations 338, 339, 341, 342, 343
corrective economic ethics 254
corrective-integrative approach to ethics of care and ethics of justice 251
corruption 21, 29, 99, 186, 187, 198, 306, 307, 310, 333, 352, 448
potential for 23–6, 28
cost of lying 187–9
cost-benefit analysis (CBA) 6, 54, 66, 165, 167, 168, 170, 173, 176, 213, 217–18, 440, 478, 478n3, 479n4, 521
defenses of 410–17
everyone benefits from in long run 413–14
rough proxy for overall well-being 414–15
and social welfare functions (SWF) 399–420
as SWF 415–16
and tax system 416–17
theory 402–4
Coulhon, T. 597, 605
courts 333, 342, 545, 552, 563, 565
Coward, Fiona 163n6, 177
Cowell, Frank 399, 421
Cowen, Tyler 41, 42, 51, 240, 244, 245
Cowton, Christopher J. 374, 376
Coyne, Christopher J. 2, 7
Cragg, Wesley 373, 379
Craig, Lauren 493
Craswell, Richard 529, 539
creative destruction 323
creativity 85, 172, 483, 484
credit theory of money 360, 362
creditworthiness 360
crime 2, 121, 146, 329, 349, 370, 561, 577
economics of 65
criminal identity 196
critical household economics 259
Crocker, David A. 102, 112
cross-country differences
in honesty 197–8
in lying 191
cross-disciplinary work 209
CSR (corporate sustainable responsibility) 257
cultural beliefs 164
cultural capital 284
cultural diversity 123
cultural economics 5, 270, 276
cultural evolution 124, 149
cultural group selection 124, 148
cultural identity 281
cultural practices 152, 166, 168–71, 278, 283–6
evolution of ethics from 162–4
how economic practices may affect 283–4
influencing of causing economic practices 279–83
cultural sense-making 286
cultural sphere 272–4
cultural transmission 129, 130
culture 5, 20n12, 42, 87, 119, 122–5, 122n6, 142, 149, 152, 162–4, 196, 238, 259, 298, 305, 308, 331, 368, 549
and economy 270–87
and genes 124, 127–31
notion of 274–5
Cummins, Denise Dellarosa 153, 156
Cureton, Adam 59n11, 73
Cynics 48
D
D’Agostino, Fred 139, 155, 156
d’Aspremont, Claude 404, 421, 422, 426, 444, 593, 597, 605
Dahmer, Jeff 563
Dai, Zhixin 186, 204
Dallas, Lynne 366, 376
Daly, Herman 90, 93, 263, 266
Danby, Colin 259, 266
Daniels, Norman 507, 511, 518
Dao, Dr. David 84
Darley, John M. 531, 542
Darwall, Stephen 508, 518, 524, 525, 528, 539
Darwin, Charles 4. 117, 118, 119, 121, 123–7, 128, 133
Dasgupta, Partha 35, 51
(p. 614) Davey, Calum 448, 472
Davis, John B. xvi–xvii, 2, 5, 7, 208–27
Davis, Nancy (Ann) 529, 539
Davis, Scott 93
Dawkins, Richard 124, 125–7, 126n12, 133, 162n3, 177
De Waal, Frans B.M. 124, 126, 126n13, 127, 128, 128n15, 133
Deacon, Terrence W. 129n16, 133
deadweight loss 85, 333, 345, 354
Deaton, Angus 585, 605
Debreu, Gérald 423, 442, 585, 590, 605
debt 44, 45, 316–18, 332, 339, 361, 362, 366, 367
vs. equity 340
deception 24, 89, 305, 306, 569
and fraud 367–9
decision-making 4, 7, 58, 60–3, 65, 66, 72, 150, 160, 162–5, 167, 169, 171–6, 277, 308, 317, 338, 349, 394, 437, 440, 441, 446, 447, 467, 468, 471, 490, 532, 533, 565
decommodification 261
degendering economic terms 251–2
Degrazia, David 523, 539
dehumanization 304–6
Dekker, Erwin 233, 245, 280, 287
delegation 183, 191, 565
and punishment 193
DeMartino, George F. xvii, 3, 6, 7, 67n27, 87, 88, 93, 227, 474–93, 524n1
dementia 249
democracy 5, 68, 85, 236, 238, 392, 393, 395
and capitalism 316–34
caring 251
democratic capitalism, crises of 332
democratic self-control (Schumpeter) 324
democratic states 85, 381
democratic workplaces 392, 394
demonetarization 261
Den Uyl, Douglas J. 15, 18, 19, 30
deontic weakening 353
deontology 4, 6, 7, 56, 64, 72, 87, 350, 418, 521, 522, 524–30, 532n4, 536
concerns, indirect ways of addressing 531–2
constraints and options 522, 524–32, 535, 536
criticism of 528–30
and economic analysis of law 521–38
and Kantian ethics 55–9
moderate 535
absolutist and 526–7, 528–30
and law 530–1, 531n2
threshold 7, 61, 61n15, 527
deregulation 331n13, 332
Deschamps, Robert 593, 605
desire-fulfillment theories of well-being 104
development ethics 98
Dhami, Sanjit xv, xvii, 2, 5, 7, 181–203, 204
Dhawan, Nikita 259, 266
Diamond, Jared 127, 133
Diamond, Larry 316, 331, 335
Diamond, Peter A. 424, 428, 442, 534, 539, 597, 598, 605
Dichter, Thomas 373, 376
Dickens, Charles 4, 51
Scrooge and Cratchit [in A Christmas Carol] 40–2, 44, 45, 46, 50
dictator games 197
dictator(ship)s 85, 190, 193, 194, 197, 200, 393, 407, 407n12, 548
die-in-the-cup paradigm
lying behavior in 184–5
results of baseline treatment in die-cup experiment 185
dignity 1, 29, 49, 55–8, 62, 71, 72, 84, 104, 296, 302, 306, 313, 499, 524, 529, 536, 560
and capabilities and moral values 221–4
of labor 389
Dilworth, John B. 368, 376
DiMaggio, Paul 279, 281, 282, 287
Dionne, G. 441
direct normative prescription 352–3
vs. adversarialism 353
disapproval 164, 166, 168, 170, 171
discourse ethics 249
discrimination 2, 7, 64, 196, 249, 484, 503, 508, 509, 515, 516, 523, 524, 531, 532, 534–7, 560, 561–3, 568–77
disparate treatment discrimination 568–9
results 569–71
disparate impact discrimination 568
results 571–4
dishonesty 14, 89, 186, 187, 192, 194, 198, 349n2
slippery slope of 197
(p. 615) distribution 29, 82, 107, 110, 184, 186, 187, 193, 198, 234, 237, 252, 253, 258–60, 264, 265, 276, 323, 354, 365, 389, 399, 402, 414, 416, 428–34, 438, 440, 446, 450–68, 470, 471, 486, 493, 500, 513, 515, 516, 524, 546, 559, 559n1, 587, 91–6
of harm 489
interpersonal prospect 452–3
interstate 452, 453–4
intrapersonal prospect 452, 454
intrastate 452, 454
mechanism of harm generation and 489–90
distributional sensitivities 446, 447, 450–4, 455, 459, 468, 470
prospect values, and parameters 454
distributive costs 333
distributive justice 96, 98, 99, 143, 220, 233, 425, 551
disutility 183, 199–201
diversification 447–8, 460
and sensitivity to interstate distribution 456–7
Dobb, Maurice 325
Dodge v. Ford 341
Dolan, Paul 402, 421, 502n3, 503n4, 518
Doleac, Jennifer 575, 578
Dolfsma, Wilfred 2, 7
Dolinko, David 528, 539
domestic labor debates 253
Donaldson, David 452n3, 472, 604
Donath, Susan 252, 264, 266
Donohue, John J. III 531, 532, 534, 539, 540
Dorff, Michael B. 523, 531, 540
Dorsey, Dale 601, 605
double coincidence of wants 359
Douglas, Mary 282
Dowding, Keith 110, 112
Dowling, Grahame R. 14, 32
dual systems theory 253
Dufwenberg, Martin 191, 199, 200, 203, 204
Dunbar, R.I.M. 163n6, 177
Durham, William H. 124, 133
Durkheim, Emile 284, 287
Durlauf, Steven N. 564, 578
Durnin, Maureen 440, 442
Duska, Ronald F. 368, 369, 376, 379
Dutch Republic 280
Dutt, Amitava 3, 7
duty 4, 57–61, 61n14, 64, 65, 68, 77–9, 81, 87, 88, 90, 121, 173–7, 324, 364, 365, 368–72, 374, 478, 480, 481, 485, 528, 552
moral restraint, based on 173–7, 176n10
imperfect 57, 63
Kantian 55, 60, 79, 84, 525
perfect 57, 60, 63
Dworkin, Ronald M. 68, 73, 425, 426, 438, 442, 536, 540
Dwyer, John 14n5, 30
dynamic efficiency 86
dynamic justice 551–2
E
Easterbrook, Frank H. 342, 356
Ebola 460
Eckel, Catherine C. 196, 204
ecological justice 551, 557
ethics and economics of 544–57
econogenic harm 6, 475, 492
sources of 476–8
econometrics 91
economic analysis 1, 5, 14, 29, 35–7, 49, 50, 65, 69, 138, 216, 223, 229, 230, 234, 252, 277, 281, 476, 500, 510, 517, 554
of law
and deontological morality 521–38
integrating thresholds, constraints, and options with 535–8
economic assessment, harm-centric approach to 485–92
economic behavior 2, 4, 5, 40–2, 64, 200, 209, 223, 270, 281, 286
effect of ethics on 172–4
effect of group size on 170–2
evolution of 164–70
and ethics and rationality 160–73
economic development 282, 285, 286, 333
economic efficiency 78, 86, 92, 390, 521
economic ethics 5, 248, 255–6, 258, 259, 262, 264, 266
and capability approach 96–111
corrective 254
(p. 616) functionalist 254
integrative 254
overcoming androcentric 254–5
economic goals and methodologies for human well-being 85–7
economic harm
complex nature of 483–5
elements of profile 486
nature of and responsibilities of economists 474–93
standard approach 478–9
economic liberalism 329
economic man 117, 120, 131–2
economic outcomes 41, 259, 285
economic practices 278, 287
cultural practices influencing or causing 279–83
how they may affect cultural practices 283–4
economic prosperity 297
economic research 87, 277
development as akin to religion 89
economic systems 4, 103, 105–11, 139, 256, 263, 264, 316, 476, 487–90, 492
alternative 320, 333
economic terms 65, 276
degendering 251–2
economic theory 2–4, 65, 117, 259, 263, 337, 338, 368, 423, 584, 585, 587
dangers of ignoring 596–599
of paid and unpaid work 261–2
economic way of thinking 40–6, 237, 277
Dickens’s Scrooge example 40–2
economics
cultural 5, 270, 276
as cultural practice 275–8
as engineering 239
and ethics 1–7
Adam Smith and study of ethics in commercial society 13–29
capability approach 96–111
complex systems approach 208–27
of ecological justice 544–57
economic ethics and capability approach 96–111
ethical pluralism in economics 77–93
evolution and moral motivation in economics 117–32
on evolution of ethics, rationality, and economic behavior 160–77
feminist 248–65
and health insurance 499–517
Kantian approach to economics 54–73
mainstream and social economic visions of 213
morality as complex adaptive system 138–55
rethinking Hayek’s social ethics 138–55
as single subject of investigation 208–11
future prospects for 226–7
virtue and economics 34–50
is it value free? 232–7
lessons from 583–604
oikonomia 251
performative 276
as sense-making activity 276
social 5, 210, 211, 213,
understanding of positive-normal distribution 219–21
tragedy of 474–93
undoing gender in 251–5
and virtue 34–8
without economic man 131–2
Economics Job Market Rumors website 87
économie sociale 210
economists
as ethicists 87–9
code of Professional Conduct (AEA) 87–8
why a code is not sufficient 88–9
questions and answers about labor markets 567–76
responsibilities of, and nature of economic harm 474–93
what do they know about race in labor market 566–76
Econs 181–5, 188, 191, 193, 195, 201
as amoral and self-regarding 181
Edelman, Lauren B. 575, 578
Edgeworth, Francis Y. 13n1, 93, 131, 133
Edmonds, David 56n3, 73
education 5, 26, 86, 97, 103, 107, 131, 191, 221–3, 226, 272, 284, 298, 323n6, 373, 499, 501, 503, 562, 565, 566, 570, 572–4, 577
(p. 617) effective freedom 101–3, 107, 110, 111, 491
efficiency 6, 45, 78, 79, 82–6, 90, 92, 163, 208, 213, 215–18, 221, 225, 252n5, 262, 276, 278, 333, 333n14, 354, 355, 390, 392, 393, 395, 423, 426, 485, 492, 500, 501, 503, 511–17, 521–3
dynamic and static 86
ethical limits on 507–10
in health care 500–3
Kaldor-Hicks 66, 67n27, 68, 70, 411–13, 478
as “normative” concept 215–16
egalitarianism 6, 96, 311, 425, 428, 429, 434, 435, 438, 440, 441, 589
Eggleston, Ben 418, 421
elections 190, 191
electoral politics 333
Elias, Julio Jorge 86, 93, 275, 287
Elgin, Catherine 220n4, 227
Ellerman, David 392, 396
Ellis, Anthony 530, 540
Ellsberg, Daniel 437, 442
Elson, Diane 249n2, 258, 261, 262, 266
Elster, Jon 130, 133, 318, 321, 335, 483, 488, 494
Emami, Zohreh 227
embedding of economy in society 328
emergence and complexity 146–7
emergent property 146–8
emotional contagion 127, 127n14
emotions 15, 19, 121, 123, 126–8, 130, 169, 183, 197–200, 301, 437
empathy 127, 129, 176
problem 162n4, 170
employment 16, 25, 26, 67, 88, 217, 237, 252, 273, 330n9, 355, 383–6, 388, 389n5, 390–2, 395, 485, 531, 537
civil rights and race 559–78
discrimination: how does it violate someone’s rights? 561–3
Enders, Walter 88, 93
Engel, Antke 266
Engelen, Peter-Jan 370, 377
Engelhardt, H. Tristram, Jr. 500n2, 511, 518
Engels, Friedrich 284, 287
Engstrom, Stephen 59n11, 73
entanglement thesis 220, 225
entrepreneur-driven innovation 323
entrepreneurship 273, 280, 281, 283, 285
environmental conflict 554–6
environmental damage 109
environmental economics 86
environmental sustainability 374
Epictetus 39
Epstein, Larry G. 428, 442
Epstein, Richard A. 70, 73, 524, 535, 540
equal goodness, contours of 601
equality 3, 6, 17, 56, 66, 97, 106n4, 141, 184, 222–4, 250, 256, 258, 302, 304, 308–10, 318–20, 370, 418, 419, 424, 429–34, 438, 466, 491, 509, 524, 552, 584, 589–93, 595–7, 599, 604
of conditions 318
of status 318
of what? 96
equilibrium 35n1, 64, 71n30, 117, 151n14, 162n3, 191, 202, 225, 226, 236, 323, 346, 348, 351, 382, 384, 423, 440, 585
equity 208, 257, 342, 343, 361, 395, 427, 428, 435, 439, 440, 464, 465
capital 340
vs. catastrophe avoidance 432–3
vs. debt 339, 340
Erat, Sanjiv 183, 187, 188, 193, 204
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta 321, 335
Estevez-Abe, Margarita 321, 335
ethical behavior 2, 3, 5, 37, 38, 40, 58, 63, 64, 81, 174, 192, 193, 202, 212
fitting virtue to 46–9
ethical concerns 14, 37, 231, 234
and economic analysis 237–40
ethical dissonance 88, 198
ethical impartiality 417
ethical limits on efficiency 507–10
ethical pluralism in economics 77–93
ethical theories in economics 13–111
ethical turn in feminist theory 251
ethicality, human 181–203
ethically benign vs. ethically indictable harms 488
ethics
and Adam Smith
in commercial society 13–33
ethics and markets 20–8
limits of benevolence 21–3
possibility of moral development 26–8
(p. 618) potential for corruption 23–6
theory of 18–20
in applied economics 497–578
bridging ethical boundaries 78–81
of care 251
deontological 4, 6, 7, 56, 64, 72, 87, 350, 418, 521, 522, 524–30, 532n4, 536
and economics 1–7
Adam Smith and study of ethics in commercial society 13–29
capability approach 96–111
complex systems approach 208–27
of ecological justice 544–57
economic ethics and capability approach 96–111
ethical pluralism in economics 77–93
evolution and moral motivation in economics 117–32
on evolution of ethics, rationality, and economic behavior 160–77
feminist 248–65
and health insurance 499–517
Kantian approach to economics 54–73
mainstream and social economic visions of 213
morality as complex adaptive system 138–55
rethinking Hayek’s social ethics 138–55
as single subject of investigation 208–11
future prospects for 226–7
virtue and economics 34–50
within Austrian school of economics 229–45
effect on economic behavior 172–4
ethical pluralism in economics 77–93
of ethics from cultural practices 162–4
feminist 248–51
financial 358, 359, 375
fitting virtue to ethical behavior 46–9
of justice 251
and, in, for labor markets 381–95
of making risky decisions for others 446–71
of money and finance 358–76
and rationality and economic behavior, evolution of 160–73
and science 220
in schools of economics 179–287
of technology 97
towards real world ethics 556–7
utilitarian 54, 59, 66–8, 72, 78, 80, 82, 90, 91, 123n8, 149, 418–20, 424–7, 430, 434, 435, 438–40, 446, 508, 523, 535, 569, 585, 595–7, 599, 601
virtue ethics 18, 35, 37–41, 42n5, 44–7, 59, 59n11, 78, 79, 81, 87, 209, 210, 280, 532n4
Etzioni, Amitai 2, 8, 62, 63, 63n18, 73, 74, 119n5, 133
eudaimonia 79
Europe 17n7, 28, 210, 233, 252, 275, 279, 280, 316, 394
Eusepi, Giuseppe 535n5, 539
Evans, Nicholas 129n16, 133
Evensky, Jerry 123, 133
evolution 4, 7, 139, 139n1, 142, 148–51, 153, 154, 323, 553n9
of ethics
from cultural practices 162–4
and rationality, and economic behavior 160–77
and moral motivation in economics 117–32
evolutionary selection 126n12, 148, 546
evolutionary studies 118
evolved complex system, reverse engineering of 150
ex ante egalitarianism 425, 428–9, 435, 440
ex post egalitarianism 425, 429–32, 435, 440, 441
vs. separability 434
ex post inequalities 424, 440
exchange 14, 16, 27, 35n1, 40, 64, 69, 71, 82, 141, 172, 202, 210, 220, 233, 236, 237, 240, 243, 273, 281, 286, 295, 296, 298, 300, 301, 303, 305, 307, 308, 321, 332, 345, 359–61, 363, 365, 374, 375, 381, 382, 490, 491, 553, 555
exchange value of labor 320, 321
existential ethics 250
experimental economics 81, 88, 126, 176, 183
exploitation 23–5, 25n18, 29, 111, 163, 253, 264, 320, 321, 338, 365, 484, 510
(p. 619) externalities 88, 201, 202, 213, 216–18, 235, 239, 308, 387, 388, 433, 521, 555
rights and wrongs 67–72
extrinsic motivation 200
extrinsic preferences 182
F
Fabozzi, Frank J. 361, 377
facial expression 127
fair allocation theory 423
Fairlie, Robert W. 573, 578
fairness 6, 37, 66, 78, 79, 83, 86, 120, 123, 126, 128, 130n17, 139, 143, 151, 164, 181, 217, 308n11, 392, 395, 423, 427, 430, 439–41, 486, 500, 511, 513, 515–17, 523, 524,, 527, 533, 561, 595, 597
in financial markets 367–70
solidarity and compassion 507–10
traffic management before 551–2
vs. utilitarianism 424
Falk, Armin 201, 204
family 16, 59, 61, 64, 65, 77, 92, 105, 125, 143, 166, 185, 249n2, 252, 257, 258, 260, 271, 273, 282, 284, 286, 318, 319, 323, 338, 369, 400, 405, 418, 420, 433, 500, 509, 524, 562, 574, 574n6
Faravelli, Marco 195n4, 204
fascism 139n1, 328, 329
Faulhaber, Gerard R. 276, 287
fear 21, 127, 170, 175, 257, 319, 484, 576
feedback loops 146
Fehr, Ernst 2, 8, 36, 51, 118n3, 120, 126n13, 128n15, 131, 133, 182, 191, 193, 197, 204, 205
Feinberg, Joel 481, 485, 494
fellow-feeling 15, 18, 301
feminist critical reflection 255–9
feminist economic ethics 248–65
method, subject matter, and model of action 255–64
methodological approach 255–9
individual level 258–9
organizational level 257–8
structural level 256–7
reflected subject matter: paid and unpaid work 259–62
feminist economics 5
of caring provisioning 264
and ethics 248–65
feminist institutionalist economics 253
feminist Marxist economics 253
feminist neoclassical economics 253
normative foundations of 252–4
feminist postcolonialist ethics 251
feminist theory, ethical turn in 251
Ferber, Marianne A. 2, 8, 253, 266
Ferguson, Niall 360, 377
Ferranna, Maddalena 433, 435, 440, 441, 442
Ferzan, Kimberly Kessler 531, 540
Fessler, Daniel M.T. 197, 205
Feynman, Richard 182
fictitious commodities 328, 329
fiduciary duty 80, 368–70
Field, Alexander J. 118n2, 128n15, 133
finance
ethics of money and 358–76
social responsibility of 371–5
what is it? 361–3
financial assets 361–2
financial crises 362, 375, 487
and systemic risk 371–2
financial ethics 358, 359, 375
financial markets 92, 282, 283, 359, 362, 374, 375
fairness in 367–70
financial risk 367, 368, 371, 372, 374, 504
financial services 307, 372, 373
Fine, Ben 64, 74
Finkelstein, Amy 425, 442, 504, 518
Fischbacher, Urs 120, 131, 133, 184, 186, 187, 189, 193, 200, 203, 205, 207
Fischel, Daniel R. 342, 356
Fischer, Liliann 3, 8
Fishburn, Peter C. 593, 605
Fiske, Alan Page 128, 134
five spheres model 271–4, 272
fixed population framework 400
Fleischacker, Samuel 14n5, 20, 23n15, 24, 26, 30
Fletcher, Guy 401, 421
Fleurbaey, Marc xvii, 6, 66n24, 308n12, 313, 415n20, 420, 421, 423–41, 442, 443, 445, 452n3, 458n4, 461n7, 466n8, 471, 472, 593, 605
Flew, Anthony 338, 343n1, 356, 364, 377
(p. 620) Florida, Richard 270, 283, 287
Folbre, Nancy 77, 94, 104, 112, 263, 266
Follmi-Heusi, Franziska 184, 187, 189, 200, 205
Foot, Philippa 55, 74, 526, 540
Force, Pierre 23, 30
Ford Motor Corporation 341
foreseeable vs. unforeseeable harms 487
formalism 231
Forman-Barzilai, Fonna 20n12, 21, 22, 30
Formula of Respect (Kant) 56, 57, 58, 67
Formula of the Kingdom of Ends (Kant) 56
Formula of the Law of Nature (Kant) 57n7
Formula of Universal Law (Kant) 56, 57, 58
Fortenbaugh, William 40, 47, 51
fortune 301, 312
influence of (Smith) 311, 311n18
instability of (Hume) 311
Foucault, Michel 277, 278, 287
“Four Horsemen” of leveling (Scheidel) 310
four sector model, shifting processes of work in 261
four spheres (Polanyi) 271
France 143, 299, 318, 503
Frank, Robert H. 81, 94, 168, 169, 177, 356
Frankfurt, Harry G. 308n13, 313
Frankfurt School 283
Fraser, Clive xv
Fraser, Nancy 260, 266
fraud 71, 72, 198, 296, 301, 302, 309, 369
and deception 367–8
free institutions 319
free-market capitalism 328
free-market systems 161
free speech 69, 85, 394
free trade 108, 299,