- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Language Attrition and the Competition Model
- Language Attrition and the Feature Reassembly Hypothesis
- The Interface Hypothesis as a Framework for Studying L1 Attrition
- Implications of the Bottleneck Hypothesis for Language Attrition
- A Complex Dynamic Systems Perspective on Personal Background Variables in L1 Attrition
- Introduction to Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Approaches to Language Attrition
- Language Attrition as a Special Case of Processing Change: A wider cognitive perspective
- Memory Retrieval and Language Attrition: Language loss or manifestations of a dynamic system?
- How Bilingualism Affects Syntactic Processing in The Native Language: Evidence from eye movements
- First Language Attrition and Developmental Language Disorder
- Ageing as a Confound in Language Attrition Research: Lexical retrieval, language use, and cognitive and neural changes
- Linguistic Regression in Bilingual Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease
- Electrophysiological Approaches to L1 Attrition
- Neuroimaging Perspectives on L1 Attrition and Language Change
- Introduction to Linguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Phonetic Drift
- Phonetic Attrition
- Phonological Attrition
- Morphological Attrition
- Lexical Attrition
- Null and Overt Pronouns in Language Attrition
- Introduction to Extralinguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Age Effects in Language Attrition
- The Impact of Frequency of Use and Length of Residence on L1 Attrition
- L1 Attrition, L2 Development, and Integration
- Language Contact and Language Attrition
- Introduction to L2 attrition
- Exploring the Impact of Extralinguistic Factors on L2/FL Attrition
- Syntax and Phonology in L2 Attrition: Modularity and resilience
- L2 Lexical Attrition
- Attrition studies on Japanese returnees
- Event-related Potentials as Metrics of Foreign Language Learning and Loss
- Introduction to Heritage Language Development
- Quantifying Language Experience in Heritage Language Development
- Intra-Generational Attrition: Contributions to heritage speaker competence
- 2L1 Simultaneous Bilinguals as Heritage Speakers
- Language Loss and Language Learning in Internationally Adopted Children: Evidence from behaviour and the brain
- Childhood Language Memory in Adult Heritage Language (Re)Learners
- Language Development in Bilingual Returnees
- Concluding remarks
- Annotated bibliography
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
We report here a study of adult first language (L1) English speakers who were enrolled in a university course of second language (L2) Finnish instruction. We investigated the acquisition and retention of the phonotactic Finnish Vowel Harmony rule. Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded while learners read a list of Finnish words and word-like non-words, some of which violated vowel harmony. ERPs were recorded near the beginning, middle, and end of the instructional period, and during a post-instruction language attrition session. The violations elicited an N400 effect during early stages of learning and a P600 effect after additional instruction. Conversely, violations elicited a P600 after short attrition periods and an N400 after longer periods. Our results support a processing-based version of the regression hypothesis: learners gradually transitioned from a lexical processing mode to a grammatical processing mode during the acquisition phase, with the reverse transition occurring once instruction has ended.
Lee Osterhout received his PhD in Psychology from Tufts University. Dr Osterhout uses electrophysiological methods to study language comprehension in native speakers and in foreign-language learners. His research with native speakers indicated that semantic and syntactic anomalies elicit distinct and independent brain responses. He also conducted some of the earliest work demonstrating changes in brain activity that occur during foreign-language learning. He is a Professor in the departments of Psychology and Lin- guistics the University of Washington, and a member of the university’s Graduate Program in Neuroscience.
Ilona Pitkänen received her PhD in Psychology at the University of Washington. She is currently on the teaching faculty in the Department of Psychology at Bellevue College in Bellevue, WA.
Judith McLaughlin received her PhD in Psychology at the University of Washington. After receiving her degree, Dr McLaughlin served as a Research Scientist in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Language lab at the University of Washington for nearly two decades. Among her numerous contributions is the ﬁnding that foreign-language learners’ brain activity discriminates between foreign language words and ‘pseudowords’ after just four- teen hours of foreign instruction, even though the learners were at chance when making conscious word/non-word judgements about these stimuli. She is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington.
Margarita Zeitlin is a PhD candidate in the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington. Her research interests include language learning and the relationship between language and other cognitive domains.
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