- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Language Attrition and the Competition Model
- Language Attrition and the Feature Reassembly Hypothesis
- The Interface Hypothesis as a Framework for Studying L1 Attrition
- Implications of the Bottleneck Hypothesis for Language Attrition
- A Complex Dynamic Systems Perspective on Personal Background Variables in L1 Attrition
- Introduction to Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Approaches to Language Attrition
- Language Attrition as a Special Case of Processing Change: A wider cognitive perspective
- Memory Retrieval and Language Attrition: Language loss or manifestations of a dynamic system?
- How Bilingualism Affects Syntactic Processing in The Native Language: Evidence from eye movements
- First Language Attrition and Developmental Language Disorder
- Ageing as a Confound in Language Attrition Research: Lexical retrieval, language use, and cognitive and neural changes
- Linguistic Regression in Bilingual Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease
- Electrophysiological Approaches to L1 Attrition
- Neuroimaging Perspectives on L1 Attrition and Language Change
- Introduction to Linguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Phonetic Drift
- Phonetic Attrition
- Phonological Attrition
- Morphological Attrition
- Lexical Attrition
- Null and Overt Pronouns in Language Attrition
- Introduction to Extralinguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Age Effects in Language Attrition
- The Impact of Frequency of Use and Length of Residence on L1 Attrition
- L1 Attrition, L2 Development, and Integration
- Language Contact and Language Attrition
- Introduction to L2 attrition
- Exploring the Impact of Extralinguistic Factors on L2/FL Attrition
- Syntax and Phonology in L2 Attrition: Modularity and resilience
- L2 Lexical Attrition
- Attrition studies on Japanese returnees
- Event-related Potentials as Metrics of Foreign Language Learning and Loss
- Introduction to Heritage Language Development
- Quantifying Language Experience in Heritage Language Development
- Intra-Generational Attrition: Contributions to heritage speaker competence
- 2L1 Simultaneous Bilinguals as Heritage Speakers
- Language Loss and Language Learning in Internationally Adopted Children: Evidence from behaviour and the brain
- Childhood Language Memory in Adult Heritage Language (Re)Learners
- Language Development in Bilingual Returnees
- Concluding remarks
- Annotated bibliography
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the neuroimaging literature on language attrition, and how functional and structural aspects of language(s) are modulated under various contact and attrition phenomena. It focuses on the use of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and neural oscillations in studies of language attrition, and how such methods might be used in the future to better understand changes in neural activity corresponding to changes in language. Seminal literature is discussed, describing studies that mapped language maintenance and language loss (i.e., the case of adoptees in Pallier et al., 2003; Ventureyra et al., 2004). The neuroimaging literature on bilingual language control is examined more generally, proposing that the functional and structural patterns of activation and change for the native language observed in experimental paradigms to understand bilingual language processing at large might be used as a test-bed to investigate the earliest stages of L1 attrition.
Eleonora Rossi’s primary research interest focuses on language processing and bilingualism. She got her MA in Speech Pathology at the University of Padua (Italy) with a thesis on two case studies of bilingual aphasia. She followed this line of work with her PhD in Linguistics at the University of Groningen (The Netherlands), in which she investigated priming effects and language production in agrammatic aphasic speakers. Her post-doctoral work took her to Penn State (US) where she worked with Judith Kroll and Giuli Dussias on the neurocognition of bilingualism. Her recent work has utilized Event-Related Potentials (ERPs), functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data to unveil the neural bases of bilingual language control, code-switching, and ﬁrst language attrition. Dr Rossi is currently Assistant Professor in the Linguistics Department at the University of Florida, and Research Associate at UC Riverside.
Yanina Prystauka received a BA in Translation Studies from Belarusian State University (Minsk, Belarus) in 2012 and an MS in Cognitive Science from the University of Trento (Rovereto, Italy) in 2015. She is currently a PhD student in the Language and Cognition programme at the University of Connecticut. Her research interests include sentence processing, event comprehension, and bilingualism.
Michele T. Diaz, PhD, is the Director of Human Imaging and an Associate Professor of Psychology at the Pennsylvania State University. Her research focuses on the neural representation of language and how this representation changes with age. In particular, she is interested in age-related differences in phonological and semantic aspects of language production. Her lab combines behavioural, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging mea- sures to examine the relations between age, cognition, and the brain. She has also inves- tigated contributions of the right hemisphere to language by studying ﬁgurative language, discourse, and novelty. Finally, she worked on the Biomedical Informatics Research Network focusing on best practices in neuroimaging and multi-site research.
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