- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Language Attrition and the Competition Model
- Language Attrition and the Feature Reassembly Hypothesis
- The Interface Hypothesis as a Framework for Studying L1 Attrition
- Implications of the Bottleneck Hypothesis for Language Attrition
- A Complex Dynamic Systems Perspective on Personal Background Variables in L1 Attrition
- Introduction to Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Approaches to Language Attrition
- Language Attrition as a Special Case of Processing Change: A wider cognitive perspective
- Memory Retrieval and Language Attrition: Language loss or manifestations of a dynamic system?
- How Bilingualism Affects Syntactic Processing in The Native Language: Evidence from eye movements
- First Language Attrition and Developmental Language Disorder
- Ageing as a Confound in Language Attrition Research: Lexical retrieval, language use, and cognitive and neural changes
- Linguistic Regression in Bilingual Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease
- Electrophysiological Approaches to L1 Attrition
- Neuroimaging Perspectives on L1 Attrition and Language Change
- Introduction to Linguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Phonetic Drift
- Phonetic Attrition
- Phonological Attrition
- Morphological Attrition
- Lexical Attrition
- Null and Overt Pronouns in Language Attrition
- Introduction to Extralinguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Age Effects in Language Attrition
- The Impact of Frequency of Use and Length of Residence on L1 Attrition
- L1 Attrition, L2 Development, and Integration
- Language Contact and Language Attrition
- Introduction to L2 attrition
- Exploring the Impact of Extralinguistic Factors on L2/FL Attrition
- Syntax and Phonology in L2 Attrition: Modularity and resilience
- L2 Lexical Attrition
- Attrition studies on Japanese returnees
- Event-related Potentials as Metrics of Foreign Language Learning and Loss
- Introduction to Heritage Language Development
- Quantifying Language Experience in Heritage Language Development
- Intra-Generational Attrition: Contributions to heritage speaker competence
- 2L1 Simultaneous Bilinguals as Heritage Speakers
- Language Loss and Language Learning in Internationally Adopted Children: Evidence from behaviour and the brain
- Childhood Language Memory in Adult Heritage Language (Re)Learners
- Language Development in Bilingual Returnees
- Concluding remarks
- Annotated bibliography
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Since attrition is generally defined as non-pathological loss of a language, comparisons with acquired language disorders, namely Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), however fruitful they may be, are a largely neglected area in attrition research. One of the characteristics of neurogenerative diseases is the gradual continuous loss of cognitive skills raising theoretical questions which are also highlighted by language attrition research. The vulnerability of languages acquired at different moments of life (L1, L2, L3…) has received most attention. Another question concerns the evolution of cognitive skills related to language control in demented patients as reflected in the specificities of code-mixing behaviour in bilinguals with AD. The hypothesis of protective effects of bilingualism in healthy and pathological cognitive ageing is then discussed. We suggest that further taking into account of the interaction between memory and language in cognition and language processing, as in studies on AD, may be beneficial for attrition research.
Melissa Barkat-Defradas received her PhD in Language Sciences in 2000 at University of Lyon and received the Young Researcher Award for her work. After a research fellowship at UC Berkeley she integrated the French National Centre for Scientific Research. She is now full-time researcher at The Institute of Evolutionary Sciences of Montpellier (France), where she develops interdisciplinary works that contribute to bridge the gap between linguistics and evolutionary biology. Her recent researches focus on psycholinguistic aspects of language processing in bilingual subjects suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. She is currently interested in the determination of biological and environmental factors that may explain senescence in humans.
Frédérique Gayraud is Professor of Psycholinguistics at Lyon University. Her main research interests include early language acquisition and language decline in Alzheimer’s disease in a lifespan perspective. More speciﬁcally, the goal is to compare acquisition and desacquisition processes in order to test the retrogenesis hypothesis according to which degenerative mechanism reverse the order of acquisition in normal development. Another research interest focuses on bilingualism in normal and pathological ageing.
Barbara Köpke is Professor of Neuropsycholinguistics at the University of Toulouse and head of the Octogone-Lordat Laboratory. Her research involves neuro- and psycholinguis- tic aspects of language processing in bilingual subjects with speciﬁc attention to ‘extreme’ situations such as L1 attrition, simultaneous interpreting, and aphasia. Her work has appeared in journals such as Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism and International Journal of Bilingualism, and she is the editor of a special issue of Journal of Neurolinguistics on ﬁrst language attrition.
Laurent Lefebvre has acquired an expertise in the study of language and executive functioning deﬁcits encountered by patients with neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s disease, Primary Progressive Aphasia, Vascular Dementia). He is at the head of the UMONS department of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology since 2012. He created some neuropsychological tests (e.g. GREMOTS, DTLA) and cognitive interventions (e.g. Logaatome) speciﬁcally dedicated for aged patients with cognitive deﬁcits. Laurent Lefebvre is a member of several scientiﬁc and patients’ groups committees in neuropsy- chology and dementia. He is Full Professor at the University of Mons and Dean of the Faculty of Psychology and Education.
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