- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Language Attrition and the Competition Model
- Language Attrition and the Feature Reassembly Hypothesis
- The Interface Hypothesis as a Framework for Studying L1 Attrition
- Implications of the Bottleneck Hypothesis for Language Attrition
- A Complex Dynamic Systems Perspective on Personal Background Variables in L1 Attrition
- Introduction to Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Approaches to Language Attrition
- Language Attrition as a Special Case of Processing Change: A wider cognitive perspective
- Memory Retrieval and Language Attrition: Language loss or manifestations of a dynamic system?
- How Bilingualism Affects Syntactic Processing in The Native Language: Evidence from eye movements
- First Language Attrition and Developmental Language Disorder
- Ageing as a Confound in Language Attrition Research: Lexical retrieval, language use, and cognitive and neural changes
- Linguistic Regression in Bilingual Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease
- Electrophysiological Approaches to L1 Attrition
- Neuroimaging Perspectives on L1 Attrition and Language Change
- Introduction to Linguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Phonetic Drift
- Phonetic Attrition
- Phonological Attrition
- Morphological Attrition
- Lexical Attrition
- Null and Overt Pronouns in Language Attrition
- Introduction to Extralinguistic Factors in Language Attrition
- Age Effects in Language Attrition
- The Impact of Frequency of Use and Length of Residence on L1 Attrition
- L1 Attrition, L2 Development, and Integration
- Language Contact and Language Attrition
- Introduction to L2 attrition
- Exploring the Impact of Extralinguistic Factors on L2/FL Attrition
- Syntax and Phonology in L2 Attrition: Modularity and resilience
- L2 Lexical Attrition
- Attrition studies on Japanese returnees
- Event-related Potentials as Metrics of Foreign Language Learning and Loss
- Introduction to Heritage Language Development
- Quantifying Language Experience in Heritage Language Development
- Intra-Generational Attrition: Contributions to heritage speaker competence
- 2L1 Simultaneous Bilinguals as Heritage Speakers
- Language Loss and Language Learning in Internationally Adopted Children: Evidence from behaviour and the brain
- Childhood Language Memory in Adult Heritage Language (Re)Learners
- Language Development in Bilingual Returnees
- Concluding remarks
- Annotated bibliography
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Language attrition research often focuses on adults living in non-native language environments for many years. Many of these individuals are older adults when tested. Because certain aspects of language are vulnerable to both attrition and ageing (e.g., lexical retrieval), some of the changes observed for language attriters may be due in part to ageing. In this chapter we ask: Are native-language changes for older adult attriters solely a result of reduced levels of native-language use or are they due in part to ageing? We consider neurophysiological changes that may play a role in language attrition and in non-pathological ageing to speculate whether the neurobiological sources of these two processes are similar or different. As attrition and ageing appear to exert independent effects on lexical retrieval decline, one must consider the effects of each of these factors on lexical retrieval for older adult bilinguals immersed in a non-native language environment
Eve Higby is a postdoctoral researcher in Psychology at the University of California, Riverside. She received her PhD in Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences from the City University of New York Graduate Center. Her research focuses on cross-linguistic inﬂu- ences in bilingualism, cognitive contributions to language processing, and brain-behaviour relationships in bilingualism and ageing.
Aviva Lerman is currently a doctoral student in the Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences department at CUNY Graduate Center. She is a qualiﬁed SLP and holds a Master’s degree specializing in bilingualism and biculturalism. Her research focuses on bilingualism, aphasia, healthy ageing, and dementia.
Marta Korytkowska is currently a doctoral student in the Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences department at CUNY Graduate Center. She is a practising Speech-Language Pathologist in the acute care setting with experience in acute rehabilitation, outpatient, and home care settings. Her main areas of research interest include treatment approaches in bilingual populations with language disorders, bilingual aphasia, and the inﬂuence of cognition in recovery from aphasia.
Taryn Malcolm is currently a doctoral student and member of Loraine Obler’s Neurolin- guistics lab in the Speech-Language-Hearing Science Department at The Graduate Center, CUNY. She has practised as a speech-language pathologist in acute and sub-acute rehabili- tation with a focus on neurogenic disorders and respiratory/voice disorders. Her main areas of research interest include bilingualism, bilingual aphasia, and neurological processes underlying acquired language disorders. She is currently working on a research project investigating cross-linguistic inﬂuence in speakers of Jamaican Creole following immersion in the environment of their second language, English.
Loraine K. Obler is Distinguished Professor at the CUNY Graduate Center in the pro- grammes of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences and Linguistics. Her ﬁrst book, which opened up the ﬁeld of neurolinguistics of bilingualism, was The Bilingual Brain: Neuropsy- chological and Neurolinguistic Approaches to Bilingualism (with M. Albert). More recently she has published articles and books on bilingual aphasia and cross-language study of aphasia. As part of her body of work on the language changes associated with ageing, she is now working on L2 learning in older adults.
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