Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A small subgroup of sixth–twelfth century Marian images in Rome portray Mary in be-gemmed garments characteristic of a Byzantine empress rather than a modest virgin. Such images may have developed from a fresco of Mary in imperial regalia in the St Maria Antiqua complex, situated close to the Palatine and occupied by Narses the Eunuch and his army in the sixth century. Some of these images have been confused with Coronation of the Virgin iconography. Most were commissioned by popes who initially suffered, but subsequently overcame, challenges to their status. The chapter suggests this iconography became popular amongst these popes because it drew attention to unique papal links with the Byzantine Court, where the papacy negotiated with the emperor over final decisions on Christian Doctrine. Perhaps surprisingly, given this iconography probably developed via eastern influences no images of Mary dressed in this way survive in the East.

Keywords: Maria Regina/Coronation of the Virgin, St Maria Antiqua/Palimpsest Madonna, Roman Frescoes/Mosaics, Pope John VII, Madonna della Clemenza Icon/St Maria in Trastevere, St Peter in Vaticano, Rome, Pope Innocent II, St Nicholas chapel, Lateran Basilica, St Bernard of Clairvaux

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.