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date: 30 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins with a consideration of transience and mourning as a way of thinking about what a failure of imagination might be. It then considers why the ‘fundamental rule’ of psychoanalysis is truly fundamental: not only for psychoanalytic method, but also for understanding why Freudian psychoanalysis is of philosophical significance. The fundamental rule opens up a new meaning of speaking one’s mind. The chapter argues that the psychoanalytic method is a deployment of reason, properly understood. For it is that activity of mind through which reason comes to an understanding of the mental activities—the thinkings—of non-rational and unconscious parts of the human psyche. It thus illuminates Socrates’ claim in the Republic that reason ought to take the lead in organizing human life because it has insight into the whole psyche. The chapter examines what it is for the unconscious to function as a fate.

Keywords: imagination, reason, method, mourning, psychoanalysis, fate, melancholia, fundamental rule

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