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date: 17 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The use of various techniques for measuring brain activation has led to a dramatic increase in knowledge about how the brain is involved in language. One of these techniques is functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This chapter describes ways of analyzing data that take away some of the classical limitations of fMRI. One important message from the chapter is that improved analysis techniques allow for the use of more naturalistic and continuously presented stimuli like spoken narratives or movies, than was considered possible before. Part 1 describes how some traditional limitations of fMRI for language research can relatively easily be overcome. In part 2, state-of-the-art approaches for the analysis of fMRI data are examined. It is intended that the description of these techniques will be inspirational for those who want to perform cognitive neuroscience studies of language, most notably at the level of discourse.

Keywords: fMRI, experimental design, language, data analysis, naturalistic stimulation

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